Family Ogcocephalidae - Batfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 10 | Species : 77 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas except absent from the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 50473). Body usually considerably depressed and flattened ventrally (box-shaped in Coelophrys). Relatively short illicium (composed primarily of the modified pterygiophore of the first fin spine, remnant of second present. The illicial cavity, with its anterior opening, encloses the esca upon retraction of the illicium. Mouth nearly horizontal. Gill opening located in or above base of pectoral fin. Gills 2 or 2.5; first gill arch reduced and without filaments (Ref. 7463). Soft dorsal fin small, usually present, 1-6 rays lying posterior to the head. Anal fin short, with 3 or 4 rays. Pectoral rays 10-19; pelvic I, 5; caudal 9. Teeth minute, conical, in bands on jaws. Vertebrae 16-21. Scales always present, as highly variable, pyramid-shaped tubercles. Tubercles tiny, with long terminal spines, making fish look as if covered with coarse hair; to large and strongly calcified with bases close together, making fish appear to be encased in a thick carapace. Tubercles elaborately sculptured with bosses or crests; or simple pyramids without strong relief but very enlarged and with thick, strong terminal spines. Exceptions are structures associated with lateral line organs; these usually scale-like or boat-shaped, perforated for the emergent neuromast. Variation in squamation useful in diagnosing species (Ref. 50473). Maximum length 40 cm, usually 20 cm (Ref. 7463). Species of the genus Coelophrys, with globose bodies and tiny pelvic fins, evidently are benthopelagic. All other batfishes are strongly depressed for benthic life. In many species, pelvic and anal fins are relatively thick-skinned and stout for supporting the body off the substrate (Ref. 50473). Capable of walking on the bottom using their large armlike pectoral and smaller pelvic fins. Swims awkwardly. Bottom dwellers feed on small invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 7463). Bathymetric distribution relatively wide, with Old World genera known primarily from outer continental shelves and continental slopes to 2,000-3,000 m; one species known from 4,000 m. New World species occurring inshore to subtidal depths and at least two reports of specimens taken upstream in rivers. All larvae and postlarvae so far known are pelagic (Ref. 50473). Assumed to be nonguarders.
  Etymology
:
Greek, ogkoo, to swell, to enlarge + Greek, kephale = head ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Lophiiformes | Ogcocephaloidei | Ogcocephalidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Ogcocephalidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Ogcocephalus vespertilio (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius vespertilio Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
! Ogcocephalus vespertilo (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Malthaea longirostris Valenciennes, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
Ogcocephalus radiatus (Mitchill, 1818)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius radiatus Mitchill, 1818
synonymseniororiginal2
Ogcocephalus nasutus (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Malthe nasuta Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
! Ogcoephalus nasutus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Ogcocephalus cubifrons (Richardson, 1836)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius cubifrons Richardson, 1836
synonymseniororiginal1
Malthaea cubifrons (Richardson, 1836)
synonymseniornew
Ogcocephalus notatus (Valenciennes, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Malthaea notata Valenciennes, 1837
synonymseniororiginal2
Malthe angusta Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Malthe notata Cuvier, 1829
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Malthaea truncata Valenciennes, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Oncocephalus porrectus Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal1
Ogcocephalus parvus Longley & Hildebrand, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Ogcocephalus corniger Bradbury, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Ogcocephalus rostellum Bradbury, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutaea stellata (Vahl, 1797)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Halieutaea stallata (Vahl, 1797)
synonymseniornew
Halieutaea maoria Powell, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halieutaea coccinea Alcock, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutaea nigra Alcock, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutaea fumosa Alcock, 1894
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Haliutea fumosa Alcock, 1894
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Halieutaea retifera Gilbert, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
! Halieutea hancocki Regan, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
Halieutaea hirsuta Smith, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal
! Halieuteus hirsuta Smith, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Halieutea brevicauda Ogilby, 1910
synonymseniororiginal1
Halieutaea indica Annandale & Jenkins, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lophius faujas Lacepède, 1798
ambiguousotheroriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Astrocanthus stellatus Swainson, 1839
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Halieutaea sinica Tchang & Chang, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halieutea spicata Smith, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halieutaea spicata Smith, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal
Halieutaea fitzsimonsi (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1916)
acceptedseniornew
Halieutichthys fitzsimonsi Gilchrist & Thompson, 1916
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
Halieutichthys aculeatus (Mitchill, 1818)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius aculeatus Mitchill, 1818
synonymseniororiginal2
! Halieuticthis aculeatus (Mitchill, 1818)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halieutella lappa Goode & Bean, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutichthys smithii Evermann & Marsh, 1900
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Halieutichthys bispinosus Ho, Chakrabarty & Sparks, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutichthys aculeatus (non Mitchill, 1818)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Halieutichthys intermedius Ho, Chakrabarty & Sparks, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dibranchus spongiosa (Gilbert, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Halieutaea spongiosa Gilbert, 1890
synonymseniororiginal2
Dibranchopsis spongiosa (Gilbert, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Dibranchus spongiosus (Gilbert, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Dibranchus nasutus Alcock, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutopsis nasuta (Alcock, 1891)
synonymseniornew
Dibranchus erinaceus (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Malthopsis erinacea Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal2
Dibranchus hystrix Garman, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dibranchus asper Garman, 1899
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dibranchus scaber Garman, 1899
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dibranchus nudivomer (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Dibranchus sparsus (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Malthopsis sparsa Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal2
Dibranchus spinosus (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Malthopsis spinosa Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal2
Dibranchus spinosa (Garman, 1899)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dibranchus alberti Núñez Barron, 1967
synonymjuniororiginal2
Dibranchus japonicus Amaoka & Toyoshima, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dibranchus accinctus Bradbury, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dibranchus cracens Bradbury, McCosker & Long, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dibranchus discors Bradbury, McCosker & Long, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dibranchus tremendus Bradbury, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dibranchus atlanticus (non Peters, 1876)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dibranchus velutinus Bradbury, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halicmetus ruber Alcock, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Halicmetes ruber Alcock, 1891
synonymseniororiginal
Halicmetus reticulatus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halicmetus niger Ho, Endo & Sakamaki, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal
! Halicmetus nigra Ho, Endo & Sakamaki, 2008
synonymseniororiginal2
Malthopsis lutea Alcock, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal
! Malthopsis luteus Alcock, 1891
synonymseniororiginal1
Malthopsis mitrigera Gilbert & Cramer, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal
! Malthopsis mitriger Gilbert & Cramer, 1897
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Malthopsis jordani (non Gilbert, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Malthopsis tiarella Jordan, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis lutea (non Alcock, 1891)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Malthopsis jordani Gilbert, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis ocellata Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Malthopsis kobayashi Tanaka, 1916
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Malthopsis lutea (non Alcock, 1891)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Malthopsis luteus (non Alcock, 1891)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Malthopsis gnoma Bradbury, 1998
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis retifera Ho, Prokofiev & Shao, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis gigas Ho & Shao, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis jordani (non Gilbert, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Malthopsis asperata Ho, Roberts & Shao, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis lutea (non Alcock, 1891)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Malthopsis tiarella (non Jordan, 1902)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malthopsis parva Ho, Roberts & Shao, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Zalieutes elater (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Malthe elater Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal2
Zalieutes mcgintyi (Fowler, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutopsis simula (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Dibranchus simulus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal2
Dibranchus infranudus de Beaufort, 1962
synonymjuniororiginal2
Halieutopsis stellifera (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Dibranchus stellifer Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal2
Halieutopsis vermicularis Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutopsis galatea Bradbury, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutopsis ingerorum Bradbury, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Halieutopsis margaretae Ho & Shao, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Coelophrys micropa (Alcock, 1891)
acceptedseniornew
Dibranchus micropus Alcock, 1891
synonymseniororiginal2
Coelophrys micropus (Alcock, 1891)
synonymseniornew
Halieutopsis micropa (Alcock, 1891)
synonymseniornew
Halieutopsis micropus (Alcock, 1891)
synonymseniornew
Coelophrys arca Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Coelophrys brevipes Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Coelophrys breviceps Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
Coelophrys mollis Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Coelophrys oblonga Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Coelophrys bradburyae Endo & Shinohara, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Solocisquama stellulata (Gilbert, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Solocisquama erythrina (Gilbert, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
Dibranchus erythrinus Gilbert, 1905
synonymseniororiginal2
Solocisquama carinata Bradbury, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
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