Family Synodontidae - Lizardfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 70 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Chiefly marine; rarely brackish. Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Supramaxilla small, if present. Branchiostegal rays 8-26. Vertebrae 39-67. Non-hermaphroditic, except in the monoecious Bathysaurus. Small cylindrical fishes with spineless fins and large mouth full of slender sharp teeth, even on tongue. Voracious predators of small fishes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, syn, sym = all together, united + Greek, odous = teeth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Aulopa | Aulopiformes | Aulopoidei | Synodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Synodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Synodontinae
Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Esox synodus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Saurus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Synodus fasciatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus meleagrides Valenciennes, 1834
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus meleagrides (Valenciennes, 1834)
synonymjuniornew
! Saurus meleagris Valenciennes, 1850
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Saurus atlanticus Johnson, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus atlanticus (Johnson, 1863)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Synodus nicholsi Breder, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Saurus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida gracilis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida nebulosa (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo saurus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Osmerus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Saurus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Tirus marmoratus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Osmerus fasciatus Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus fasciatus (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Stolephorus risso Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Alpismaris risso (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Saurus vulgaris Cloquet, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus griseus Lowe, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal1
Laurida mediterranea Swainson, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus trivirgatus Valenciennes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus cinereus Hildebrand, 1948
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus foetens (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Aulopus filamentosus (non Bloch, 1792)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Trachinocephalus myops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurus lacerta (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus lacerta (non Risso, 1827)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus foetens (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo foetens Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal1
Synodus myops (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo myops Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Saurus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Trachinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Trachicephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Trichinocephalus myops (Forster, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Osmerus lemniscatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus lemniscatus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Saurus truncatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus trachinus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Trachinocephalus trachinus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Saurus limbatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal1
Trachinocephalus limbatus (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
Goodella hypozona Ogilby, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Salmo foetens (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurus foetens (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo variegatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymseniororiginal1
Saurus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
! Synodus variegates (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
Salmo varius Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus varius (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Saurida rubrotaeniata Liénard, 1891
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus houlti McCulloch, 1921
synonymjuniororiginal2
Synodus englemani Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurus englemani (Schultz, 1953)
synonymjuniornew
! Synodus engelmani Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
! Synodus englamani Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Saurus synodus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Saurus cynodus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus indicus (non Day, 1873)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus ulae (non Schultz, 1953)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus intermedius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus intermedius Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
! Synodus intermidius (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Synodus lucioceps (Ayres, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus lucioceps Ayres, 1855
synonymseniororiginal1
Synodus indicus (Day, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus indicus Day, 1873
synonymseniororiginal1
Synodus dietrichi Kotthaus, 1967
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus kaianus (Günther, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus kaianus Günther, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Synodus scituliceps Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus poeyi Jordan, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus evermanni Jordan & Bollman, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus lacertinus Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus sageneus Waite, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal1
Xystodus banfieldi Ogilby, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Synodus dermatogennis Fowler, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
Synodus amaranthus Waples & Randall, 1989
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus variegatus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus fuscus Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus hoshinonis Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus macrops Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus similis McCulloch, 1921
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus marchenae Hildebrand, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus sechurae Hildebrand, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus binotatus Schultz, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus ulae Schultz, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus capricornis Cressey & Randall, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus doaki Russell & Cressey, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus rubromarmoratus Russell & Cressey, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus gibbsi Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus macrocephalus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus cresseyi Prokofiev, 2008
synonymjuniororiginal1
Synodus oculeus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus randalli Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus tectus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus usitatus Cressey, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus falcatus Waples & Randall, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus janus Waples & Randall, 1988
synonymjuniororiginal2
Synodus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus ulae (non Schultz, 1953)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus lobeli Waples & Randall, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus varius (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus taiwanensis Chen, Ho & Shao, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus mascarensis Prokofiev, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus orientalis Randall & Pyle, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus isolatus Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus doaki (non Russell & Cressey, 1979)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synodus mundyi Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus pylei Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus sanguineus Randall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus vityazi Ho, Prokofiev & Shao, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Synodus cresseyi (non Prokofiev, 2008)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Harpadontinae
Harpadon nehereus (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Osmerus nehereus Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal1
! Harpadon nebereus (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Harpodon nehereus (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Harpadon microchir Günther, 1878
acceptedseniororiginal
! Harpodon microchir Günther, 1878
synonymseniororiginal1
Harpadon translucens Saville-Kent, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal
! Harpodon translucens Saville-Kent, 1889
synonymseniororiginal1
Harpadon squamosus (Alcock, 1891)
acceptedseniornew
Harpodon squamosus Alcock, 1891
synonymseniororiginal2
Harpadon erythraeus Klausewitz, 1983
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Harpodon erythraeus Klausewitz, 1983
synonymseniororiginal
Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo tumbil Bloch, 1795
synonymseniororiginal1
Saurus argyrophanes Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurida argyrophanes (Richardson, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Saurida australis Castelnau, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurida truculenta Macleay, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurida ferox Ramsay, 1883
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurida gracilis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus gracilis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymseniororiginal1
! Saurida gracila (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Saurida gracilata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
! Saurida gracillis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
synonymseniornew
Saurus minutus Lesueur, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal1
Saurida tombil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida tumbil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida nebulosa (non Valenciennes, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida elongata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Aulopus elongatus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
! Saurida elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Saurida undosquamis (Richardson, 1848)
acceptedseniornew
Saurus undosquamis Richardson, 1848
synonymseniororiginal1
! Saurida undosquamia (Richardson, 1848)
synonymseniornew
! Saurida undosquammis (Richardson, 1848)
synonymseniornew
Saurida grandisquamis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Saurida tumbil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida argyrophanes (non Richardson, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida nebulosa Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida gracilis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida argentea Macleay, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida micropectoralis (non Shindo & Yamada, 1972)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida filamentosa Ogilby, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida tumbil (non Bloch, 1795)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida macrolepis Tanaka, 1917
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Saurida undosquamis (non Richardson, 1848)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida grandisquamis (non Günther, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida caribbaea Breder, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal
! Saurida caribbaeus Breder, 1927
synonymseniororiginal1
! Saurida caribbea Breder, 1927
synonymseniororiginal
Saurida suspicio Breder, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida microlepis Wu & Wang, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
Saurida parri Norman, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal1
Trachinocephalus myops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurida normani Longley, 1935
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida longimanus Norman, 1939
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida isarankurai Shindo & Yamada, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida micropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Saurida macropectoralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
synonymseniororiginal
! Saurida micropectaralis Shindo & Yamada, 1972
synonymseniororiginal
Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida pseudotumbil Dutt & Sagar, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Saurida flamma Waples, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida umeyoshii Inoue & Nakabo, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Saurida sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Saurida sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Saurida golanii Russell, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
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