Family Citharinidae - Lutefishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 8 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Africa. Deep body shape; dorsal and anal fins relativeli long; maxilla reduced and lacking teeth; scales cycloid in Citharinus); pelvic fin rays relatively numerous. Suggested new common name for this family from Ref. 58418. The subfamily Distichodontinae was raised at the family level in Nelson between 1994 (Ref. 7463) to 2006 (Ref. 58010) editions.
  Etymology
:
Derived from Greek, kitharia, -as = zither ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Citharinoidei | Citharinidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Citharinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Citharinus citharus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809)
acceptedseniornew
Serrasalmus citharus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809
synonymseniororiginal2
Citharinus citharus citharus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Citharinus geoffroyi Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Distichodus marnoi Steindachner, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Citharinus latus Müller & Troschel, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal2
Citharinus macrolepis (non Boulenger, 1899)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Citharinus congicus Boulenger, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal2
Citharinus gibbosus Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Citharinus macrolepis Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Citharidium ansorgii Boulenger, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Citharidium ansorgei Boulenger, 1902
synonymseniororiginal
Citharinops distichodoides (Pellegrin, 1919)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
! Citharinus distichodus Pellegrin, 1919
synonymseniororiginal
! Citharinus disticoides Pellegrin, 1919
synonymseniororiginal
Citharinus thomasi Pellegrin, 1924
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
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