Family Erythrinidae - Trahiras
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 16 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Species of this family occurs in South America. Body cylindrical. Gape reaching beyond anterior margin of orbit. Branchiostegal rays 5. Pectoral fin rays 9-14. Dorsal fin rays 8-15 and 3 vestigial rays. Dorsal fin origin anterior to anal fin and usually above pelvic fins. Anal fin rays 10-12. No adipose fin. Rounded caudal fin. Relatively large scales. Lateral line with 32-47 scales. Palatine teeth numerous. Some predaceous. Some capable of air-breathing and moving to other ponds by land. Nest-builders. About 1 m maximum length attained in Hoplias macrophthalmus of the Guianas.
  Etymology
:
Greek, erythros = red, reddish ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Characoidei | Erythrinidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Erythrinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Erythrinus erythrinus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Synodus erythrinus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus brevicauda Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus longipinnis Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus kessleri Steindachner, 1877
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Erythrinus unitaeniatus Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
Erythrinus salvus Agassiz, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus balteatus Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus kessleri (non Steindachner, 1876)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hoplerythrinus gronovii (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Erythrinus gronovii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794)
acceptedseniornew
Esox malabaricus Bloch, 1794
synonymseniororiginal2
Macrodon malabaricus (Bloch, 1794)
synonymseniornew
! Hoplias malabarica (Bloch, 1794)
synonymseniornew
Synodus tareira Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Synodus palustris Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus trahira Agassiz, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Erythrinus macrodon Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Macrodon tareira Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Macrodon ferox Gill, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal2
Esox tararira Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hoplias brasiliensis (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Erythrinus brasiliensis Spix & Agassiz, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplias microcephalus (Agassiz, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Macrodon intermedius Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hoplias aimara (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Macrodon aimara Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplias patana (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Macrodon patana Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplias teres (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Macrodon teres Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplias microlepis (Günther, 1864)
acceptedseniornew
Macrodon microlepis Günther, 1864
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplias macrophthalmus (Pellegrin, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hoplias lacerdae Miranda Ribeiro, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplias malabaricus lacerdae Miranda Ribeiro, 1908
synonymseniorchange in rank
Hoplias australis Oyakawa & Mattox, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplias curupira Oyakawa & Mattox, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
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