Family Torpedinidae - Electric rays
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 22 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   lower   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Short description: Head equipped with electric organs, developed from branchial muscles; eyes small; disc truncate anteriorly; jaws extremely slender; no labial cartilage; rostrum reduced; tail well developed; 2 dorsal and caudal fins well developed. Skin soft and loose. Large specimens can give a severe jolt, normally used to stun small fishes on which they feed. The young hatch inside the uterus and are born fully developed. Subfamily Hypninae elevated to family rank.
  Etymology
:
Latin, torpere = to be with paralysis, caused when touching the fish or when it waves ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
sluggish
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Torpedinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Torpedo torpedo (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Raja torpedo Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Narcacion torpedo (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Torpedo narke Delaroche, 1809
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Torpedo ocellata Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo narke Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Torpedo narce Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Torpedo oculata Davy, 1834
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal2
Narcacion marmoratus (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Narcobatus marmoratus (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Torpedo immaculata Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo punctata Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo galvani Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo picta Lowe, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo trepidans Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo panthera Olfers, 1831
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Torpedo sinus-persi Olfers, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
Torpedo marmorata (non Risso, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Torpedo nobiliana Bonaparte, 1835
acceptedseniororiginal2
Narcacion nobilianus (Bonaparte, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Narcobatus nobilianus (Bonaparte, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Tetronarce nobiliana (Bonaparte, 1835)
synonymseniornew
! Torpedo nobilianus Bonaparte, 1835
synonymseniororiginal
! Torpedo nobililana Bonaparte, 1835
synonymseniororiginal
Torpedo hebetans Lowe, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo emarginata McCoy, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo nigra Guichenot, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
Torpedo walshii Thompson, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Torpedo chilensis (non Guichenot, 1848)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Narcacion polleni Bleeker, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal6
Torpedo polleni (Bleeker, 1865)
synonymjuniornew
Torpedo smithii G√ľnther, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
Narcacion marmoratus (non Risso, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Torpedo marmorata (non Risso, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Torpedo panthera (non Olfers, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Torpedo fairchildi Hutton, 1872
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo suessii Steindachner, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Torpedo suessi Steindachner, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
! Torpedo suissi Steindachner, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Torpedo tokionis (Tanaka, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Torpedo mackayana Metzelaar, 1919
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo nobiliana (non Bonaparte, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Torpedo puelcha Lahille, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal2
Tetronarce puelcha (Lahille, 1926)
synonymseniornew
Torpedo macneilli (Whitley, 1932)
acceptedseniornew
Notastrape macneilli Whitley, 1932
synonymseniororiginal2
Torpedo tremens de Buen, 1959
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo andersoni Bullis, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo peruana Chirichigno F., 1963
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Torpedo tremens peruana Chirichigno F., 1963
synonymseniororiginal1
Torpedo bauchotae Cadenat, Capapé & Desoutter, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo microdiscus Parin & Kotlyar, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo semipelagica Parin & Kotlyar, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
provisionally acceptseniororiginal2
! Torpedo alexandrensis Mazhar, 1987
synonymseniororiginal
Torpedo adenensis Carvalho, Stehmann & Manilo, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Torpedo formosa Haas & Ebert, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Torpedo nobiliana (non Bonaparte, 1835)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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