Family Synanceiidae - Stonefishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 9 | Species : 36 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
show
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Indo-Pacific. No free pectoral rays; skin glands present, appearing as 'warts' in most species; dorsal fin with 11-17 spines and 4-14 soft rays; anal fin with 2-4 spines and 4-14 soft rays; pelvic fin with one spine and 3-5 soft rays; pectoral fin rays 11-10; vertebrae 23-30. Venom glands present near base of hypodermiclike dorsal fin spines. The neurotoxin of these fishes is the most deadly of the fish venoms and can be fatal to humans. Species camouflage as rocks. Mainly marine, but some species are known from rivers. We include here Nelson's (1994) Minoinae and Choridactylinae.
  Etymology
:
Greek, syn, sym = all together, united + Greek, agkos, -eos = curved, bent ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
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  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
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  Coordinator
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  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Perciformes | Scorpaenoidei | Synanceiidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Synanceiidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Synanceiinae
Synanceia horrida (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
Scorpaena horrida Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal2
! Synanceia horrid (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
! Synanceja horrida (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
! Synaneceiea horrida (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
Synanceia trachynis Richardson, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal2
Synanceichthys verrucosa (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Synanceichthys verrucosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Synaceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Synanceja verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Synancejia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Synancia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Scorpaena brachion Lacepède, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Synanceia brachio Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Synanceia horrida (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Synancidium horridum (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
! Synanceia platyrhynchus Bleeker, 1874
synonymseniororiginal1
Synanceia alula Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal2
Synanceia nana Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal2
Erosa erosa (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Synanceia erosa Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
Trachicephalus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Synanceia uranoscopa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Polycaulus uranoscopus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Leptosynanceia asteroblepa (Richardson, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Synanceia asteroblepa Richardson, 1844
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dampierosa daruma Whitley, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal2
Erosa daruma (Whitley, 1932)
synonymseniornew
Choridactylinae
Choridactylus multibarbus Richardson, 1848
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Choridactylus multibarbis Richardson, 1848
synonymseniororiginal
Choridactylus natalensis (Gilchrist, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Choridactylus striatus Mandrytsa, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Choridactylus lineatus Poss & Mee, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Pelor japonicum Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
! Inimicus japonica (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Inimicus didactylus (Pallas, 1769)
acceptedseniornew
Scorpaena didactyla Pallas, 1769
synonymseniororiginal2
Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Inimicus dactylus Cornic, 1987
ambiguousotheroriginal
Pelor filamentosum Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
! Pelor filamentosus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Inimicus sinensis (Valenciennes, 1833)
acceptedseniornew
Pelor sinense Valenciennes, 1833
synonymseniororiginal2
! Pelor sinensis Valenciennes, 1833
synonymseniororiginal
Inimicus cuvieri (Gray, 1835)
acceptedseniornew
Pelors cuvieri Gray, 1835
synonymseniororiginal2
! Inimicus cuvier (Gray, 1835)
synonymseniornew
Inimicus brachyrhynchus (Bleeker, 1874)
acceptedseniornew
Pelor brachyrhynchus Bleeker, 1874
synonymseniororiginal2
Inimicus caledonicus (Sauvage, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Pelor caledonicum Sauvage, 1878
synonymseniororiginal2
Pelor barbatus De Vis, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal2
Inimicus barbatus (De Vis, 1884)
synonymjuniornew
Inimicus joubini (Chevey, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Inimicus smirnovi Mandrytsa, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal2
Inimicus gruzovi Mandrytsa, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minoinae
Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Scorpaena monodactyla Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Minous woora Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scorpaena biaculeata Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Minous adamsii Richardson, 1848
synonymjuniororiginal2
Minous blochi Kaup, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal1
Minous oxycephalus Bleeker, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal2
Minous echigonius Jordan & Starks, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal2
Minous pusillus Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous trachycephalus (Bleeker, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Minous inermis (non Alcock, 1889)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Minous pictus Günther, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous inermis Alcock, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous longipinnis Lloyd, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
Minous coccineus Alcock, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous superciliosus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal2
Minous trachycephalus (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Minous longimanus Regan, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous versicolor Ogilby, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous quincarinatus (Fowler, 1943)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Sebastes inermis (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Minous inermis (non Alcock, 1889)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Minous dempsterae Eschmeyer, Hallacher & Rama-Rao, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous andriashevi Mandrytsa, 1990
acceptedseniororiginal2
Minous usachevi Mandrytsa, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
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