Family Squatinidae - Angel sharks
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 23 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Jurassic    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Flat, batoid-like body, wing-like pectoral fins with front margins overlapping gill slits but not attaching to head. Mouth and nostrils terminal, barbels on anterior margin. Eyes and large spiracles dorsal. Five gill slits partly on sides of head and partly on ventral surface. Two small spineless dorsal fins behind pelvic fins, anal fin absent. Caudal fin unique with lower lobe slightly longer than upper lobe (=hypocercal). Maximum length up to 2 m. They feed on a variety of small bony fishes, crustaceans, cephalopods, gastropods and bivalves. They use their highly protrusible, traplike jaws to suddenly snap up prey at high speed (Ref. 31369, 48821). Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
  Etymology
:
Squatinidae: Latin, squatina = a kind of shark
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
sluggish
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Squatinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
! Squatina squatini (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Squalus squatina Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Squatina vulgaris Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squatina laevis Cuvier, 1816
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squatina angelus Blainville, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squatina lewis Couch, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
Squalraia acephala de la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Squalraia cervicata de la Pylaie, 1835
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Squatina europaea Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squatina angelus Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squatina dumeril Lesueur, 1818
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina aculeata Cuvier, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhina aculeata (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Squatina fimbriata Müller & Henle, 1839
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Squatina oculata Bonaparte, 1840
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina japonica Bleeker, 1858
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhina philippi Garman, 1913
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Squatina armata (Philippi, 1887)
acceptedseniornew
Rhina armata Philippi, 1887
synonymseniororiginal2
Squatina australis Regan, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina nebulosa Regan, 1906
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina africana Regan, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina tergocellata McCulloch, 1914
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina argentina (Marini, 1930)
acceptedseniornew
Rhina argentina Marini, 1930
synonymseniororiginal1
Squatina guggenheim (non Marini, 1936)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Squatina guggenheim Marini, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina punctata Marini, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina formosa Shen & Ting, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina occulta Vooren & da Silva, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina heteroptera Castro-Aguirre, Espinosa Pérez & Campos, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina mexicana Castro-Aguirre, Espinosa Pérez & Campos, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina albipunctata Last & White, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina legnota Last & White, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina pseudocellata Last & White, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina caillieti Walsh, Ebert & Compagno, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Squatina formosa (non Shen & Ting, 1972)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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