Family Scophthalmidae - Turbots
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 9 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
North Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean, Black seas. Eyes on left side; mouth large and lower jaw prominent. Both pelvic fin bases elongate. Egg with a single oil globule in the yolk. Maximum length about 1 m in Psetta maxima.
  Etymology
:
Greek, skopein = to look, watch + Greek, ophthalmos = eye ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
sluggish
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Carangimorpharia | Pleuronectiformes | Pleuronectoidei | Scophthalmidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Scophthalmidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Scophthalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes rhombus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
! Scophtalmus rhombus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes laevis Turton, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhombus laevis (Turton, 1802)
synonymjuniornew
Scophthalmus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes maximus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Psetta maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Psetta maxima maxima (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Rhombus maximus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes turbot Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronectes cyclops Donovan, 1806
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhombus magnus Minding, 1832
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhombus stellosus Bennett, 1835
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Rhombus aculeatus Gottsche, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Pleuronectes maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Psetta maeotica (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhombus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scophthalmus maeoticus (non Pallas, 1814)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Scophthalmus maeoticus (Pallas, 1814)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Psetta maeotica (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Psetta maxima maeotica (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Rhombus maeoticus (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
! Scophthalmus maeotica (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Scophthalmus aquosus (Mitchill, 1815)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes aquosus Mitchill, 1815
synonymseniororiginal1
Zeugopterus punctatus (Bloch, 1787)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Zeugopterus regius (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes regius Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal1
Phrynorhombus regius (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lepidorhombus megastoma (Donovan, 1804)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lepidorhombus boscii (Risso, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Arnoglossus boscii (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Hippoglossus boscii (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Rhombus boscii (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
! Lepidorhombus bosci (Risso, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Günther, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
Rhombus norvegicus Günther, 1862
synonymseniororiginal1
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