Family Rhinobatidae - Guitarfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 11 | Species : 60 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Jurassic    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans mostly in tropical coastal waters (rarely entering estuaries and freshwater). Body form intermediate between that of a shark and a skate. Also called shovelnose sharks. Numerous small, blunt teeth in jaws. Two large dorsal fins; origin of first dorsal behind pelvics; caudal fin well developed. Denticles arranged in a row on dorsal midline. No spine in tail. They reach moderate to large size and are important commercial species in many coastal nations. Ovoviviparous, young born fully developed. Feed on bottom organisms, including molluscs and crustaceans, but will also take small fishes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.)
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Rhinobatidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Rhinobatinae
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Raja rhinobatos Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatus rhinobatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Leiobatus panduratus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raia columnae Blainville, 1816
ambiguousotheroriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinobatis duhameli Blainville, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhinobatus columnae Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinobatos percellens (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Raja percellens Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatus percellens (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinobatus stellio Jordan & Rutter, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinobatos thouin (Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798)
acceptedseniornew
Raja thouin Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798
synonymseniororiginal1
Glaucostegus thouin (Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798)
synonymseniornew
! Rhinobatos thouini (Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798)
synonymseniornew
! Rhinobatus thouini (Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Raja thouiniana Shaw, 1804
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatus thouiniana (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatos cemiculus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus cemiculus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatus rasus Garman, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Rhinobatos rasus Garman, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
! Rhinobatus congolensis Giltay, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhinobatos halavi (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatos granulatus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatos columnae (non Bonaparte, 1836)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatos annulatus Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus annulatus Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos columnae (non Bonaparte, 1836)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatos blochii Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus blochii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatos blochi (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatos horkelii Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus horkelii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatos horkeli Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatos obtusus Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus obtusus Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos schlegelii Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus schlegelii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatos schlegeli Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhinobatos schlegelli Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinobatos hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhynchobatis hynnicephalus (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatis producta Ayres, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobates leucorhynchus Günther, 1867
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos spinosus Günther, 1870
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus spinosus Günther, 1870
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus planiceps Garman, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos glaucostigma Jordan & Gilbert, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus glaucostigma Jordan & Gilbert, 1883
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatos glaucostigmus Jordan & Gilbert, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos schlegeli (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatus natalensis (non Fowler, 1925)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus annandalei Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus formosensis Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus leucospilus Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos blochi (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatos lionotus Norman, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus lionotus Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus ocellatus Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos annulatus (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos petiti Chabanaud, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus petiti Chabanaud, 1929
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatos percellens (non Walbaum, 1792)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhinobatos irvinei Norman, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus irvinei Norman, 1931
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos albomaculatus (non Norman, 1930)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos variegatus Nair & Lal Mohan, 1973
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos punctifer Compagno & Randall, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos prahli Acero P. & Franke, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus prahli Acero P. & Franke, 1995
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos salalah Randall & Compagno, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos nudidorsalis Last, Compagno & Nakaya, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos sp. 4 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos jimbaranensis Last, White & Fahmi, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos penggali Last, White & Fahmi, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Trygonorrhina fasciata Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Trygonorhina fasciata Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatus dumerilii Castelnau, 1873
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Trygonorhina guaneria Whitley, 1932
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Glaucostegus halavi (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Raja halavi Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos halavi (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Raia halavi Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus halavi (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus granulatus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Scobatus granulatus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Rhinobatos granulates (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatus acutus Garman, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal2
Glaucostegus typus (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
acceptedseniornew
Rhinobatus typus Anonymous [Bennett], 1830
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos typus (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinobatos armatus (Gray, 1834)
synonymjuniornew
Rhinobatos batillum Whitley, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Rhinobatos batillium Whitley, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal
! Rhinobatus batillum Whitley, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhinobatus granulatus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Zapteryx exasperata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Platyrhina exasperata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Zapteryx brevirostris (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus brevirostris Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos brevirostris Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Syrrhina brevirostris (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Zapteryx xyster Jordan & Evermann, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal1
Tarsistes philippii Jordan, 1919
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Tarsistes philippi Jordan, 1919
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Raja rostrata Shaw, 1794
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatus bougainvillii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
Aptychotrema bougainvillii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
Rhinobatus banksii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Aptychotrema sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Aptychotrema sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Aptychotrema sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Platyrhininae
Platyrhina sinensis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Rhina sinensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platyrhina hyugaensis Iwatsuki, Miyamoto & Nakaya, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Platyrhina tangi Iwatsuki, Zhang & Nakaya, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Platyrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Platyrhina triseriata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
! Platyrhinoides triseriata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Zanobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Platyrhina schoenleinii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Discobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Platyrhinoidis schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
! Zanobatus schoenleinni (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Platyrhinoidis atlantica Chabanaud, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Zanobatus atlantica (Chabanaud, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Zanobatus atlanticus (Chabanaud, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Rhininae
Rhina ancylostoma Bloch & Schneider, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhina ancylostomus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhina anclyostoma Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
! Squatina ancyclostoma (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Rhina cyclostomus Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhynchobatinae
Rhynchobatus laevis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Rhinobatus laevis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Rhynchobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Raja djiddensis Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhinchobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatus djeddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatus djiddenis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhynchobatus djidensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhyncobatis djeddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhyncobatus djeddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Rhyncobatus djiddensis (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatus maculata Ehrenberg, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhynchobatus luebberti Ehrenbaum, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Rhynchobatus lubberti Ehrenbaum, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhynchobatus lubertii Ehrenbaum, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhynchobatus djiddensis (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhynchobatus palpebratus Compagno & Last, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhynchobatus springeri Compagno & Last, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhynchobatus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
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