Family Rhinobatidae - Guitarfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 9 | Species : 49 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Jurassic    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans mostly in tropical coastal waters (rarely entering estuaries and freshwater). Adults attaining 1.7 m TL (Ref. 108568) Body form intermediate between that of a shark and a skate. Also called shovelnose sharks. Numerous small, blunt teeth in jaws. Two large dorsal fins; origin of first dorsal behind pelvics; caudal fin well developed. Denticles arranged in a row on dorsal midline. No spine in tail. They reach moderate to large size and are important commercial species in many coastal nations. Ovoviviparous, young born fully developed. Feed on bottom organisms, including molluscs and crustaceans, but will also take small fishes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.)
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Rhinobatidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Acroteriobatus omanensis Last, Henderson & Naylor, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatinae
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Raja rhinobatos Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatus rhinobatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Rhinobathos rhinobathos (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Leiobatus panduratus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Raia columnae Blainville, 1816
ambiguousotheroriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhinobatis duhameli Blainville, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhinobatus columnae Bonaparte, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Raja thouiniana Shaw, 1804
synonymseniororiginal2
! Rhinobatus thouiniana (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatos schlegelii Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus schlegelii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
! Rhinobatos schlegeli Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhinobatos schlegelli Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhinobatos hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhynchobatis hynnicephalus (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatos spinosus Günther, 1870
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus spinosus Günther, 1870
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos schlegeli (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Rhinobatus natalensis (non Fowler, 1925)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus annandalei Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus formosensis Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos lionotus Norman, 1926
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus lionotus Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatos percellens (non Walbaum, 1792)
misappliedmisappliednew
Rhinobatos irvinei Norman, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal
! Rhinobatus irvinei Norman, 1931
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos albomaculatus (non Norman, 1930)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatos punctifer Compagno & Randall, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos nudidorsalis Last, Compagno & Nakaya, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos sp. 4 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Rhinobatos jimbaranensis Last, White & Fahmi, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos penggali Last, White & Fahmi, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos whitei Last, Corrigan & Naylor, 2014
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos borneensis Last, Séret & Naylor, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos austini Ebert & Gon, 2017
acceptedseniororiginal2
Trygonorrhina fasciata Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal
! Trygonorhina fasciata Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Trygonorhina guaneria Whitley, 1932
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Trygonorrhina dumerilii (Castelnau, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Rhinobatus dumerilii Castelnau, 1873
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Zapteryx exasperata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Platyrhina exasperata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Zapteryx brevirostris (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus brevirostris Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos brevirostris Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Syrrhina brevirostris (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Zapteryx xyster Jordan & Evermann, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal2
Tarsistes philippii Jordan, 1919
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Tarsistes philippi Jordan, 1919
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Raja rostrata Shaw, 1794
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatus bougainvillii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
Aptychotrema bougainvillii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
Aptychotrema banksii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymjuniornew2
Rhinobatus banksii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
Aptychotrema sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Aptychotrema sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Aptychotrema sp. A Not applicable
synonymotherother
Acroteriobatus annulatus (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus annulatus Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos annulatus Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatos columnae (non Bonaparte, 1836)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Acroteriobatus blochii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus blochii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinobatos blochii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhinobatos blochi (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus leucospilus Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatos blochi (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus ocellatus Norman, 1926
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinobatos annulatus (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Acroteriobatus variegatus (Nair & Lal Mohan, 1973)
acceptedseniornew
Rhinobatos variegatus Nair & Lal Mohan, 1973
synonymseniororiginal2
Acroteriobatus salalah (Randall & Compagno, 1995)
acceptedseniornew
Rhinobatos salalah Randall & Compagno, 1995
synonymseniororiginal2
Pseudobatos glaucostigmus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1883)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus glaucostigma Jordan & Gilbert, 1883
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos glaucostigma Jordan & Gilbert, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhinobatos glaucostigmus Jordan & Gilbert, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudobatos percellens (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Raja percellens Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos percellens (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Rhinobatus percellens (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhinobatus stellio Jordan & Rutter, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pseudobatos horkelii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus horkelii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos horkelii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
! Rhinobatos horkeli Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudobatos productus (Ayres, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatis producta Ayres, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobates leucorhynchus Günther, 1867
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudobatos planiceps (Garman, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus planiceps Garman, 1880
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Pseudobatos prahli (Acero P. & Franke, 1995)
acceptedseniornew
! Rhinobatus prahli Acero P. & Franke, 1995
synonymseniororiginal2
Rhinobatos prahli Acero P. & Franke, 1995
synonymseniororiginal
Platyrhininae
Platyrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Platyrhina triseriata Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal2
! Platyrhinoides triseriata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Zanobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Platyrhina schoenleinii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal2
Discobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Platyrhinoidis schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
! Zanobatus schoenleinni (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Platyrhinoidis atlantica Chabanaud, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
Zanobatus atlantica (Chabanaud, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Zanobatus atlanticus (Chabanaud, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Zanobatus maculatus Séret, 2016
acceptedseniororiginal2
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