Family Pleuronectidae - Righteye flounders
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 40 | Species : 103 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Chiefly marine; occasionally brackish; rare in freshwater. Distribution: Arctic, Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Both eyes normally on the right side. Preoperculum with a free margin. Fins without spines. Dorsal fin extends on head. Swimbladder absent in adults. The pigmented side is capable of remarable color changes in order to match the bottom. Predators of benthic invertebrates and fishes. Pelagic spawners. Eggs without oil globule in yolk. Benthic, from a few to more than 1,000 m. Almost all species important to fisheries. Cooper and Chapleau (1998; Ref. 30193) exclude the subfamilies Poecilopsettinae, Rhombosoleinae, and Paralichthodinae.
  Etymology
:
Greek, pleura = side, ribe + Greek, nekton = swimmer
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Carangimorpharia | Pleuronectiformes | Pleuronectoidei | Pleuronectidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Pleuronectidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Pleuronectinae
Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
Platessa platessa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Pleuronectes platessus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Platessa vulgaris Cloquet, 1826
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platessa latus Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pleuronectes latus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes pallasii Steindachner, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Limanda putnami (Gill, 1864)
synonymseniornew
Liopsetta putnami (Gill, 1864)
synonymseniornew
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Hippoglossus vulgaris Fleming, 1828
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Hippoglossus maximus Gottsche, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hippoglossus gigas Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platessa elongata Yarrell, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Glyptocephalus zachirus Lockington, 1879
acceptedseniororiginal1
Errex zachirus (Lockington, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Glyptocephalus stelleri (Schmidt, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Microstomus stelleri Schmidt, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Hypoglossoides platessoides (Fabricius, 1780)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Hippoglossoides elassodon Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hippoglossoides robustus Gill & Townsend, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hippoglossoides hamiltoni Jordan & Gilbert, 1898
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Limanda ferruginea (Storer, 1839)
acceptedseniornew
Platessa ferruginea Storer, 1839
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Pleuronectes ferruginaeus (Storer, 1839)
synonymseniornew
Limanda vulgaris Gottsche, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal2
Limanda oceanica Bonaparte, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Limanda limanda (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes limanda Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Liopsetta limanda (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes limandula Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymjuniororiginal1
Limanda aspera (Pallas, 1814)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes asper Pallas, 1814
synonymseniororiginal1
Limanda asprella Hubbs, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal1
Limanda punctatissima (Steindachner, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes punctatissimus (Steindachner, 1879)
synonymseniornew
! Limanda punctatissimus (Steindachner, 1879)
synonymseniornew
! Myzopsetta punctatissimus (Steindachner, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Limanda iridorum Jordan & Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal1
Limanda proboscidea Gilbert, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myzopsetta proboscidea (Gilbert, 1896)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes proboscidea (Gilbert, 1896)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Limanda korigarei Hubbs, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal1
Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes kitt Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platessa pola Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Microstomus latidens Gottsche, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronectes gilli Steindachner, 1868
synonymjuniororiginal1
Microstomus pacificus (Lockington, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Glyptocephalus pacificus Lockington, 1879
synonymseniororiginal1
Microstomus achne (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Veraequa achne Jordan & Starks, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parophrys vetulus Girard, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes vetulus (Girard, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Parophrys vetula Girard, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronectes digrammus Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platichthys stellatus (Pallas, 1787)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Platichthys rugosus Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes flesus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Platichthys flesus flesus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes passer Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronectes flesoides Pontoppidan, 1766
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronectes luscus Pallas, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Platessa carnaria Brown, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platessa glabra Rathke, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Pleuronectes italicus Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Pleuronectes bogdanovii Sandeberg, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Flesus vulgaris Moreau, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
synonymotheroriginal2
ambiguousotheroriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys nephelus Starks & Thompson, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys cornutus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Platessa cornuta Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes cornutus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys decurrens Jordan & Gilbert, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks & Morris, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys ocellatus Starks & Thompson, 1910
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys japonicus Suzuki, Kawashima & Nakabo, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pleuronichthys sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Platessa cornuta (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pleuronichthys cornuta (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes pinguis Fabricius, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Reinhardtius matsuurae Jordan & Snyder, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Clidoderma asperrimum (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Platessa asperrima Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Hypsopsetta guttulata (Girard, 1856)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Parophrys ayresii Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Platessa bilineata Ayres, 1855
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
ambiguousothernew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymseniornew
Lepidopsetta polyxystra Orr & Matarese, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes planus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platessa pusilla DeKay, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes yokohamae Günther, 1877
synonymseniororiginal1
Limanda yokohamae (Günther, 1877)
synonymseniornew
! Limanada yokohamae (Günther, 1877)
synonymseniornew
Pseudopleuronectes obscurus (Herzenstein, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Pleuronectes obscurus Herzenstein, 1890
synonymseniororiginal1
Liopsetta obscura (Herzenstein, 1890)
synonymseniornew
! Liopsetta obscurus (Herzenstein, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Pseudopleuronectes herzensteini (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
acceptedseniornew
Limanda herzensteini Jordan & Snyder, 1901
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes herzensteini (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes japonicus Herzenstein, 1890
synonymjuniororiginal1
Limanda angustirostris Jordan & Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Limanda schrenki Schmidt, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes schrenki (Schmidt, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Liopsetta glacialis (Pallas, 1776)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Platessa dwinensis Lilljeborg, 1851
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Atheresthes stomias (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Platysomatichthys stomias Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Reinhardtius stomias (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Eopsetta exilis (non Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Atheresthes evermanni Jordan & Starks, 1904
acceptedseniororiginal1
Reinhardtius evermanni (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isopsetta isolepis (Lockington, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Lepidopsetta isolepis Lockington, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Pleuronectes isolepis (Lockington, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Eopsetta jordani (Lockington, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Hippoglossoides jordani Lockington, 1879
synonymseniororiginal1
! Eopsetia jordani (Lockington, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Eopsetta grigorjewi (Herzenstein, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
Hippoglossus grigorjewi Herzenstein, 1890
synonymseniororiginal1
Verasper otakii Jordan & Snyder, 1900
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lyopsetta exilis (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Hippoglossoides exilis Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Eopsetta exilis (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Embassichthys bathybius (Gilbert, 1890)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Microstomus bathybius (Gilbert, 1890)
synonymseniornew
Verasper moseri Jordan & Gilbert, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Verasper moser Jordan & Gilbert, 1898
synonymseniororiginal
Verasper variegatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Platessa variegata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Kareius bicoloratus (Basilewsky, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Platessa bicolorata Basilewsky, 1855
synonymseniororiginal1
Platichthys bicoloratus (Basilewsky, 1855)
synonymseniornew
Pleuronectes scutifer Steindachner, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Cleisthenes pinetorum Jordan & Starks, 1904
acceptedseniororiginal1
Hippoglossoides pinetorum (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Cleisthenes herzensteini (Schmidt, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Dexistes rikuzenius Jordan & Starks, 1904
acceptedseniororiginal1
Araias ariommus Jordan & Starks, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tanakius kitaharae (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Microstomus kitaharae Jordan & Starks, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
Glyptocephalus kitaharai (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Tanakius kitaharai (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
synonymseniornew
Paralichthodinae
Paralichthodes algoensis Gilchrist, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsettinae
Poecilopsetta colorata Günther, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta beanii (Goode, 1881)
acceptedseniornew
Limanda beanii Goode, 1881
synonymseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta beani (Goode, 1881)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
Boopsetta umbrarum Alcock, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta plinthus (Jordan & Starks, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Alaeops plinthus Jordan & Starks, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta inermis (Breder, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Paralimanda inermis Breder, 1927
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta vaynei Quéro, Hensley & Maugé, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta normani Foroshchuk & Fedorov, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta dorsialta Guibord & Chapleau, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta macrocephala Hoshino, Amaoka & Last, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta pectoralis Kawai & Amaoka, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Poecilopsetta multiradiata Kawai, Amaoka & Séret, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nematops microstoma Günther, 1880
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nematops grandisquamus Weber & de Beaufort, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nematops grandisquama Weber & de Beaufort, 1929
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Nematops chui Fowler, 1934
synonymjuniororiginal1
Nematops nanosquama Amaoka, Kawai & Séret, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Marleyella bicolorata (von Bonde, 1922)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilopsetta bicolorata von Bonde, 1922
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhombosoleinae
Rhombosolea tapirina Günther, 1862
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhombosolea monopus Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhombosolea flesoides Günther, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pleuronectes victoriae Castelnau, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhombosolea plebeia (Richardson, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Rhombus plebeius Richardson, 1843
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Rhombosolea leporina Günther, 1862
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhombosolea retiaria adamas Whitley & Phillipps, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal
Ammotretis rostratus Günther, 1862
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhombosolea bassensis Castelnau, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal1
Peltorhamphus bassensis (Castelnau, 1872)
synonymjuniornew
Solea uncinata Klunzinger, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ammotretis lituratus (Richardson, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Solea liturata Richardson, 1844
synonymseniororiginal1
Ammotretis tudori McCulloch, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ammotretis elongatus McCulloch, 1914
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ammotretis macrolepis McCulloch, 1914
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Psammodiscus ocellatus Günther, 1862
acceptedseniororiginal1
Oncopterus darwinii Steindachner, 1874
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Oncopterus darwini Steindachner, 1874
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal5
Colistium nudipinnis (Waite, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Colistium guntheri (Hutton, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Ammotretis guntheri Hutton, 1873
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
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