Family Pinguipedidae - Sandperches
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 7 | Species : 82 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic side of South America and Africa, Indo-Pacific (as far down to New Zealand, to Hawaii and off Chile). Pelvic fin insertion below or before pectoral base. Truncate to deeply lunate caudal fin. Branched rays in caudal fin 13-15. Dorsal fin with 4-5 spines and 19-26 soft rays. Benthic carnivores of small invertebrates and fishes. Protogynous hermaphrodites; territorial and haremic; pelagic spawners (Ref. 7463).
  Etymology
:
Latin, pinguis = fat, + Greek, pous = foot ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Uranoscopiformes | Pinguipedidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Pinguipedidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pinguipes fasciatus Jenyns, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pinguipes chilensis Valenciennes, 1833
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pseudopercis chilensis (Valenciennes, 1833)
synonymseniornew
Esox chilensis (non Molina, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mugiloides chilensis (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Parapercis sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Sciaena cylindrica Bloch, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
! Parapercis cylindrical (Bloch, 1792)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis colias (Forster, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Enchelyopus colias Forster, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis maculata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Percis maculata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis pulchella (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Percis pulchella (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Percis cancellata Cuvier, 1816
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis cancellata (Cuvier, 1816)
synonymjuniornew
Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
acceptedseniornew
Percis nebulosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal1
Percis emeryana Richardson, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis emeryana (Richardson, 1842)
synonymjuniornew
Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Percis hexophtalma Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
! Parapercis hexophthalama (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Parapercis hexophthalma (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
! Percis hexophthalma Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Percis cylindrica Rüppell, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal2
Percis polyophtalma Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
! Parapercis polyophthalma (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
! Parapercis polyopthalma (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
! Percis polyophthalma Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Percis caudimaculata Rüppell, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis punctata (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Percis punctata Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis guezei Fourmanoir, 1966
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Percis punctulata Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis bivittata Schultz, 1968
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis trispilota Schultz, 1968
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis pulchella (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Percis pulchella Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis sexfasciata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
Percis sexfasciata Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
synonymseniororiginal1
Neopercis sexfasciata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker, 1849)
acceptedseniornew
Percis xanthozona Bleeker, 1849
synonymseniororiginal1
Neopercis xanthozona (Bleeker, 1849)
synonymseniornew
! Parapercis xanthosoma (Bleeker, 1849)
synonymseniornew
Parapercis millepunctata (Günther, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Percis millepunctata Günther, 1860
synonymseniororiginal1
! Parapercis millipunctata (Günther, 1860)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Parapercis montillai Martin & Montalban, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis alboguttata (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Percis alboguttata Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal1
Percis smithii Regan, 1905
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis smithii (Regan, 1905)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis tesselata (Herre, 1951)
synonymjuniornew
Parapercis elongata Fourmanoir, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis cephalus Kotthaus, 1977
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis allporti (Günther, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Percis allporti Günther, 1876
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis naevosa Serventy, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner, 1878)
acceptedseniornew
Percis filamentosa Steindachner, 1878
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis gilliesii (Hutton, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
Percis gilliesii Hutton, 1879
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis gilliesi (Hutton, 1879)
synonymseniornew
Parapercis ramsayi (Steindachner, 1883)
acceptedseniornew
Percis ramsayi Steindachner, 1883
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis aurantiaca Döderlein, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Parapercis aurantica Döderlein, 1884
synonymseniororiginal
Parapercis haackei (Steindachner, 1884)
acceptedseniornew
Percis haackei Steindachner, 1884
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein, 1884
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Parapercis multifasciatus Döderlein, 1884
synonymseniororiginal
Parapercis stricticeps (De Vis, 1884)
acceptedseniornew
Percis stricticeps De Vis, 1884
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis atlantica (Vaillant, 1887)
acceptedseniornew
Neopercis atlantica Vaillant, 1887
synonymseniororiginal1
Neopercis ledanoisi Cadenat, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner, 1900)
acceptedseniornew
Percis schauinslandii Steindachner, 1900
synonymseniororiginal1
! Parapercis schauinslandi (Steindachner, 1900)
synonymseniornew
Parapercis pulchella (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal1
Cilias ommatura (Jordan & Snyder, 1902)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis roseoviridis (Gilbert, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Bodianus tetracanthus Lacepède, 1802
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède, 1802)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Parapercis tetracanthus (Lacepède, 1802)
ambiguoushomonymnew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis macrophthalma (Pietschmann, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
Neopercis macrophthalma Pietschmann, 1911
synonymseniororiginal1
Parapercis striolata (Weber, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Neopercis mimaseana Kamohara, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal1
Parapercis mimaseana (Kamohara, 1937)
synonymjuniornew
Parapercis muronis (Tanaka, 1918)
acceptedseniornew
Neopercis muronis Tanaka, 1918
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis nebulosa (non Quoy & Guimard, 1825)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Percis nebulosa (non Quoy & Guimard, 1825)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis okamurai Kamohara, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis kamoharai Schultz, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis simulata Schultz, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis dockinsi McCosker, 1971
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Parapercis dockinski McCosker, 1971
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis flavescens Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Parapercis diplospila Gomon, 1981
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis signata Randall, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis fuscolineata Fourmanoir, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis maritzi Anderson, 1992
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis multifasciata (non Döderlein, 1884)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis colemani Randall & Francis, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Parapercis rufa Randall, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis rosea Fourmanoir, 1985
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Parapercis lata Randall & McCosker, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis australis Randall, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis cylindrica (non Bloch, 1792)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Parapercis banoni Randall & Yamakawa, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis roseoviridis (non Gilbert, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis phenax Randall & Yamakawa, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis roseoviridis (non Gilbert, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis sexlorata Johnson, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis pacifica Imamura & Yoshino, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis hexophtalma (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Percis caudimaculata (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Cilias hexophthalma (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Parapercis hexophthalma (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Parapercis polyophthalma (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Percis hexophthalma (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis queenslandica Imamura & Yoshino, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis xanthogramma Imamura & Yoshino, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis albipinna Randall, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis basimaculata Randall, Senou & Yoshino, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis compressa Randall, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis somaliensis (non Schultz, 1968)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis diagonalis Randall, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis katoi Randall, Senou & Yoshino, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis natator Randall, Senou & Yoshino, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis shaoi Randall, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis somaliensis (non Schultz, 1968)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapercis vittafrons Randall, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis bicoloripes Prokofiev, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Parapercis randalli Ho & Shao, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis lutevittata Liao, Cheng & Shao, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis bimacula Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parapercis pariomaculata Johnson & White, 2012
synonymjuniororiginal2
Parapercis kentingensis Ho, Chang & Shao, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis somaliensis (non Schultz, 1968)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Parapercis shaoi (non Randall, 2008)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Parapercis maramara Sparks & Baldwin, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis rubromaculata Ho, Chang & Shao, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapercis sagma Allen & Erdmann, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Prolatilus jugularis (Valenciennes, 1833)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus jugularis Valenciennes, 1833
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Porteridia chilensis (Norman, 1937)
synonymjuniornew
Pseudopercis numida Miranda Ribeiro, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal1
Mugiloides numida (Miranda Ribeiro, 1903)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Percis semifasciata Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Kochichthys flavofasciata (Kamohara, 1936)
synonymseniornew
Simipercis trispinosa Johnson & Randall, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ryukyupercis gushikeni (Yoshino, 1975)
acceptedseniornew
Parapercis gushikeni Yoshino, 1975
synonymseniororiginal1
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