Family Pentacerotidae - Armorheads
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 7 | Species : 13 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Indo-Pacific and southwestern Atlantic. Body moderately deep (Pentaceropsis) to very deep (Pentaceros); strongly compressed. Head bones exposed, rough and striated. Supramaxilla lacking. Dorsal fin having 4-14 strong spines; 9-29 soft rays. With 2-5 strong spines in anal fin; soft rays 7-13. Large pelvic fins. One long and strong spine in pelvic fin; soft rays 5. Scales small. Primary on deep slopes, seamounts, and pelagic; shallow primarily in temperate areas. Foodfishes. Assumed to be nonguarders (RF).
  Etymology
:
Greek, pente = five + Greek, keras, -atos = horn ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Pempheriformes | Pentacerotidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Pentacerotidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Pentacerotinae
Pentaceros capensis Cuvier, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal1
Quinquarius capensis (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Pentaceros knerii Steindachner, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Griffinetta nelsonensis Whitley & Phillipps, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pentaceros pectoralis (non Hardy, 1983)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pentaceros decacanthus Günther, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Undecimus hendecacanthus (McCulloch, 1915)
synonymjuniornew
Pentaceros japonicus Steindachner, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy, 1983)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pentaceros pectoralis (Hardy, 1983)
synonymjuniornew
Pentaceros richardsoni (non Smith, 1844)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pentaceros quinquespinis Parin & Kotlyar, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal1
Histiopterinae
Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Histiopterus tyfus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
synonymseniororiginal
! Histiopterus types Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
synonymseniororiginal
Histiopterus spinifer Gilchrist, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal1
Paristiopterus labiosus (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Histiopterus labiosus Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Pentaceropsis recurvirostris (Richardson, 1845)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Evistias acutirostris (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Histiopterus acutirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
synonymseniororiginal1
! Evistias acuirostris (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
synonymseniornew
! Evistius acutirostris (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
synonymseniornew
Histiopterus typus (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Zanclistius elevatus (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888)
acceptedseniornew
Histiopterus elevatus Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
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