Family Pegasidae - Seamoths
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 5 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Body broad and depressed (aberrant), contained in bony plates. Mouth small and inferior; toothless. Rostrum long and flattened arising from a fusion of the nasals. Jaws protrusible. Gill filaments lobelike and with tufts. Opercle and subopercle very small. Preopercle very much enlarged. Dorsal and anal fins short, spineless and usually with 5 soft rays each. Relatively large and horizontal pectoral fins; unbranched rays 10-18. Pelvics abdominal; spine 1; soft rays 1-3. Caudal fin rays 8; the peduncle quadrangular. Branchiostegal rays 5; filamentous. No supracleithrum and post cleithrum. Circumorbital bones 3; lachrymal bone the largest. Swimm bladder absent. Vertebrae 19-22, first 6 abdominal vertebrae elongated. Feed on minute zoobenthos with extremely protrusible snout. Spawning takes place in open water near the surface. About 13 cm maximum length.
  Etymology
:
Taken from Pegasus = a mythological horse created with Medusa´s blood; it advised to Bellefron against the Chimera ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Syngnathimorpharia | Syngnathiformes | Syngnathoidei | Pegasidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Pegasidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Pegasus volitans Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
! La spatule Bonnaterre, 1788
ambiguousotherother
Pegasus spatula Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal
! Pégase spatule Lacepède, 1800
ambiguousotherother
Parapegasus volitans (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Pegasis volitans Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Pegasus natans Linnaeus, 1766
synonymjuniororiginal1
Leptopegasus natans (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymjuniornew
Parapegasus natans (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymjuniornew
Pegasus volans Linnaeus, 1766
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pegasus pristis Bleeker, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cataphractus anceps Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pegasus laternarius Cuvier, 1816
acceptedseniororiginal1
Parapegasus volans (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Parapegasus volitans (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pegasus volans (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pegasus volitans (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pegasus lancifer Kaup, 1861
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Pegasus natans (non Linnaeus, 1766)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eurypegasus draconis (Linnaeus, 1766)
acceptedseniornew
! Le Dragon Bonnaterre, 1788
ambiguousotherother
! Le pégasé volant Bonnaterre, 1788
ambiguousotherother
Pegasus draconis Linnaeus, 1766
synonymseniororiginal1
Surypegasus draconis (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
Zalises draconis (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
! Europegasus draconis (Linnaeus, 1766)
synonymseniornew
Pegasus draco Shaw, 1804
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Pegassus draco Shaw, 1804
synonymjuniororiginal
Pegasus latirostris Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cataphractus draco Gronow, 1854
ambiguousotheroriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Zalises umitengu Jordan & Snyder, 1901
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pegasus umitengu (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
synonymjuniornew
Pegasus volans (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pegasus volitans (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eurypegasus papilio (Gilbert, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
Pegasus papilio Gilbert, 1905
synonymseniororiginal1
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