Family Paralepididae - Barracudinas
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 12 | Species : 58 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Tertiary     Miocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: circumglobal. Origin of dorsal fin in mid-trunk. Dorsal fin rays 7-16. Anal fin with a long base; fin rays 20-50. Pectoral fin with 11-17 rays. With or without scales on body. Swim bladder lacking. Vertebrae 53-121. Look similar to sphyraenids. Length can reach up to 1 m.
  Etymology
:
Greek, parallelos = parallel + Greek, lepis = scale ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Aulopa | Aulopiformes | Alepisauroidei | Paralepididae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Paralepididae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
Sudis coregonoides (Risso, 1820)
synonymseniornew
Paralepis borealis Reinhardt, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Paralepis barracudina Fowler & Phillips, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal1
Paralepis speciosa Bellotti, 1878
acceptedseniororiginal
! Paralepis speciosus Bellotti, 1878
synonymseniororiginal1
Paralepis elongata (Brauer, 1906)
acceptedseniornew
Omosudis elongatus Brauer, 1906
synonymseniororiginal1
Paralepis egei Harry, 1948
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lestidium speciosum (non Belloti, 1878)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Sudis brevirostris (Parr, 1928)
synonymseniornew
Paralepis harryi Maul, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal1
Maulichthys harryi (Maul, 1954)
synonymjuniornew
Lestidium speciosum (non Belloti, 1878)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Paralepis elongata (non Brauer, 1906)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sudis hyalina Rafinesque, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal1
Paralepis hyalina (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
! Paralepis hyalinus (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
! Sudis hyaline Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Sudis hyalinus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Paralepis sphyraenoides (non Risso, 1820)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Sudis atrox Rofen, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal1
Arctozenus risso (Bonaparte, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Paralepis risso Bonaparte, 1840
synonymseniororiginal1
Arctozenus rissoi (Bonaparte, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Notolepis risso (Bonaparte, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Notolepis rissoi (Bonaparte, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Notolepis rissoi rissoi (Bonaparte, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Paralepis rissoi rissoi (Bonaparte, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Sudis rissoi (Bonaparte, 1840)
synonymseniornew
Paralepis coruscans Jordan & Gilbert, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal1
Arctozenus coruscans (Jordan & Gilbert, 1881)
synonymjuniornew
Notolepis coruscans (Jordan & Gilbert, 1881)
synonymjuniornew
Paralepis kroyeri Lütken, 1892
synonymjuniororiginal1
Paralepis borealis (non Reinhardt, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lestidium nudum Gilbert, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal1
Lestidium atlanticum Borodin, 1928
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sudis thermophilus (Ege, 1930)
synonymjuniornew
Lestidium prolixum Harry, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal1
Lestidium bigelowi Graae, 1967
acceptedseniororiginal1
Notolepis coatsi Dollo, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Lestidiops sphyraenoides (Risso, 1820)
synonymseniornew
! Lestidium sphyraenoides (Risso, 1820)
synonymseniornew
! Paralepis sphyraenoides (Risso, 1820)
synonymseniornew
Lestidiops ringens (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Sudis ringens Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidium ringens (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Lestidiops jayakari (Boulenger, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Sudis jayakari Boulenger, 1889
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Lestidium jayakari (Boulenger, 1889)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Lestidiops jayakari (Boulenger, 1889)
ambiguousothernew
synonymjuniororiginal5
Sudis sphyraenoides (non Risso, 1820)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lestidiops affinis (Ege, 1930)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidium affine (Ege, 1930)
synonymseniornew
Sudis affinis (Ege, 1930)
synonymseniornew
! Lestidiops affinae (Ege, 1930)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Lestidium pacificum (Parr, 1931)
synonymseniornew
! Lestidiops pacifica (Parr, 1931)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Lestidiops similis (Ege, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidium simile (Ege, 1933)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Lestidiops similus (Ege, 1933)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Sudis bathyopteryx Fowler, 1944
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidiops distans (Ege, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Paralepis sphyraenoides (non Risso, 1820)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lestidiops extrema (Ege, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidiops neles (Harry, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
Lestidium neles Harry, 1953
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidiops cadenati (Maul, 1962)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Lestidium intermedium (non Poey, 1868)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Longisudis nigra Maul, 1965
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Stemonosudis gracile (Ege, 1933)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Stemonosudis molesta (Marshall, 1955)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Stemonosudis molestus (Marshall, 1955)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
! Lastrolepis intermedia (Poey, 1868)
synonymseniornew
! Lestiolepis intermedia (Poey, 1868)
synonymseniornew
Sudis vanderbilti Fowler, 1944
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lestrolepis japonica (non Tanaka, 1908)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lestrolepis japonica (Tanaka, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Lestidium japonicum Tanaka, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Lestidium luetkeni (Ege, 1933)
synonymseniornew
Lestidium pofi Harry, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lestrolepis pofi (Harry, 1953)
synonymjuniornew
Sudis pofi (Harry, 1953)
synonymjuniornew
Magnisudis atlantica (Krøyer, 1868)
acceptedseniornew
! Paralepis atlanticus Krøyer, 1868
synonymseniororiginal1
Paralepis atlantica Krøyer, 1868
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniorchange in rank
Paralepis brevis Zugmayer, 1911
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sudis bronsoni Parr, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal1
Paralepis bronsoni (Parr, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Paralepis coregonoides (non Risso, 1820)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Magnisudis indica (Ege, 1953)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in species
Magnisudis prionosa (Rofen, 1963)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Paralepis atlantica (non Krøyer, 1868)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Uncisudis denticulata Kotthaus, 1967
synonymjuniororiginal1
Uncisudis advena (Rofen, 1963)
acceptedseniornew
Pontosudis advena Rofen, 1963
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Uncisudis posteropelvis Fukui & Ozawa, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
Paralepididae sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
acceptedseniororiginal1
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