Family Nettastomatidae - Duckbill eels
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 6 | Species : 42 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   middle   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Tropical and warm temperate. Elongated and narrow head and snout. Mouth large. Tail sharply tapering. Adults usually without pectoral fin (present only in Hoplunnis). Vertebrae usually 190-280. Maximum length about 100 cm.
  Etymology
:
Greek, netta, nessa = duck + Greek, stoma = mouth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Elopocephalai | Elopocephala | Elopomorpha | Anguilliformes | Nettastomatidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Nettastomatidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Nettastoma melanurum Rafinesque, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nettastoma melanorum Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Nettastoma melanura Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal1
! Mettastoma melanurum Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Muraenophis saga Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal2
Muraena saga (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Murenophis saga Risso, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Nettastoma saga (Risso, 1810)
synonymjuniornew
Hyoprorus messanensis Kölliker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Hyoprorus messinensis Kölliker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nettastoma mendax Facciolà, 1893
synonymjuniororiginal2
Osorina guentheri (Osorio, 1909)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nettastoma parviceps Günther, 1877
acceptedseniororiginal2
Metopomycter parviceps (Günther, 1877)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nettastoma denticulatus (Gilbert, 1905)
synonymjuniornew
Nettastoma solitarium Castle & Smith, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettastoma syntresis Smith & Böhlke, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettastoma falcinaris Parin & Karmovskaya, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Hoplunnis schmidtii Kaup, 1859
synonymseniororiginal
Hoplunnis diomediana Goode & Bean, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hoplunnis diomedianus Goode & Bean, 1896
synonymseniororiginal1
Hoplunnis sicarius (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplunnis punctata Regan, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hoplunnis punctatus Regan, 1915
synonymseniororiginal1
Hoplunis schmidti (non Kaup, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hoplunnis diomediana (non Goode & Bean, 1896)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Facciolella physonema (non Facciolà, 1914)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hoplunnis macrura Ginsburg, 1951
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hoplunnis macrurus Ginsburg, 1951
synonymseniororiginal1
Hoplunnis tenuis Ginsburg, 1951
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplunnis pacifica Lane & Stewart, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplunnis megista Smith & Kanazawa, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplunnis similis Smith, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettastoma elongatum Kotthaus, 1968
synonymjuniororiginal2
Saurenchelys fierasfer (Jordan & Snyder, 1901)
acceptedseniornew
Chlopsis fierasfer Jordan & Snyder, 1901
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Saurenchelys finitimus (Whitley, 1935)
acceptedseniornew
Chlopsis finitimus Whitley, 1935
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Saurenchelys meteori Klausewitz & Zajonz, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal2
Saurenchelys taiwanensis Karmovskaya, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Venefica procera (Goode & Bean, 1883)
acceptedseniornew
Nettastoma procerum Goode & Bean, 1883
synonymseniororiginal2
Venefica proboscidea (Vaillant, 1888)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Venefica ocella Garman, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettenchelys exoria Böhlke & Smith, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nettenchelys exorius Böhlke & Smith, 1981
synonymseniororiginal1
Nettenchelys gephyra Castle & Smith, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettenchelys inion Smith & Böhlke, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettenchelys pygmaea Smith & Böhlke, 1981
acceptedseniororiginal
! Nettenchelys pygmaeus Smith & Böhlke, 1981
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettenchelys erroriensis Karmovskaya, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nettenchelys paxtoni Karmovskaya, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Facciolella oxyrhyncha (Bellotti, 1883)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Faccionella oxyrhyncha (Bellotti, 1883)
synonymseniornew
Nettastomella physonima Facciolà, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal2
Facciolella physonema (Facciolà, 1914)
synonymjuniornew
Facciolella physonima (Facciolà, 1914)
synonymjuniornew
Nettastoma melanurum (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Saurenchelys cancrivora (non Peters, 1864)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Facciolella equatorialis (Gilbert, 1891)
acceptedseniornew
Chlopsis equatorialis Gilbert, 1891
synonymseniororiginal2
Facciolella gilbertii (Garman, 1899)
acceptedseniornew
Chlopsis gilbertii Garman, 1899
synonymseniororiginal2
! Facciolella gilberti (Garman, 1899)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Facciolella castlei Parin & Karmovskaya, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Facciolella karreri Klausewitz, 1995
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Leptocephalus bellotii D'Ancona, 1928
synonymseniororiginal
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