Family Monocentridae - Pinecone fishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 2 | Species : 4 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific, primarily at depths of 30 - 300 m. Body scales large, heavy and platelike. A single large spine in pelvic fin which can be locked erect; soft rays 2 or 3; 4-7 strong spines in first dorsal fin alternate from side to side; second dorsal fin with 9-12 soft rays. No anal fin spines, 10-12 softrays. Pectoral fin with 13-15 rays; 8 branchiostegal rays. Lower jaw with 2 phosphorescent organs. The light is produced by luminescent bacteria and the organ appears as an orange spot in daylight or a blue-green one at night; it is used to attract shrimps and other zooplankton at night. About 22 cm maximum length (Ref. 2334). Reproduction unknown but assumed to be non-guarders (RF).
  Etymology
:
Greek, monos = only + Greek, kentron = sharp point ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Berycimorphaceae | Beryciformes | Monocentridae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Monocentridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Monocentris japonica (Houttuyn, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
Gasterosteus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782
synonymseniororiginal1
! Monocentris japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Monocentrus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
Sciaena cataphracta Thunberg, 1790
synonymjuniororiginal2
Monocentris cataphracta (Thunberg, 1790)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Monocentris carinata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Monocentris reedi Schultz, 1956
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
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