Family Lebiasinidae - Pencilfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 7 | Species : 77 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
many
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
There is no recent review of this family. There are 56 described species in two subfamilies and six genera, with several species yet to be described. In size they range from miniatures, Nannostomus anduzei and Pyrrhulina vittata, to medium sizes to 150 mm SL in the Lebiasininae. All species have a rather elongate, cylindrical body shape with fairly large scales, 18 to 35 in a longitudinal series. The laterosensory canal system on the body is reduced, to seven scales, or absent. An adipose fin may be present or absent. The anal fin is short-based with up to 13 rays and the males of most species have well developed anal fins specialized for courtship and breeding. The frontal/parietal fontanel is always absent, the cheek is well covered by the orbital and opercular bones, there is no supraoccipital crest and the scales of the dorsal body begin over the parietal bones. In his study of the phylogenetic relationships of the family Ctenoluciidae, Vari (1995: 35-36) included comments on the monophyly of the Lebiasinidae and listed three characters taken from Weitzman (1964) that he considered to be synapomorphies for the family: 1) absence of the supraorbital bone, 2) lack of a metapterygoid-quadrate fenestra, and 3) reduction of the laterosensory canal system on the body. Members of this family are found in Central America in Costa Rica and Panama and in all countries of South America except Chile. Most species are found in quiet clear or black water streams from sea level to about 250 meters elevation, always in fresh water. Some species of the Lebiasininae occur in much higher elevations, to over 1000 meters. Many of the species in the Pyrrhulininae, especially the pencilfishes, Nannnostomus, are important aquarium fishes. Suggested new common name for this family from Ref. 58418.
  Etymology
:
Greek, lebias, -ou = a kind of fish ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Characoidei | Lebiasinidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Lebiasinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Lebiasininae
Lebiasina bimaculata Valenciennes, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina multimaculata Boulenger, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina intermedia Meinken, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina uruyensis Fernández-Yépez, 1967
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Lebiasina uryuyensis Fernández-Yépez, 1967
synonymseniororiginal
Lebiasina floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez, 1994
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina provenzanoi Ardila Rodríguez, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina yuruaniensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2000
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina chucuriensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina narinensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina taphorni Ardila Rodríguez, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina colombia Ardila Rodríguez, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina ortegai Ardila Rodríguez, 2008
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina chocoensis Ardila Rodríguez, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina yepezi Netto-Ferreira, Oyakawa, Zuanon & Nolasco, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina marilynae Netto-Ferreira, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina melanoguttata Netto-Ferreira, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina minuta Netto-Ferreira, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina ardilai Netto-Ferraira, Lopez-Fernandez, Taphorn & Liverpool, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Piabucina erythrinoides Valenciennes, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina erythrinoides (Valenciennes, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Piabucina unitaeniata Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina unitaeniata (Günther, 1864)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Piabucina elongata Boulenger, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina elongata (Boulenger, 1887)
synonymseniornew
Piabucina festae Boulenger, 1899
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina festae (Boulenger, 1899)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina astrigata (Regan, 1903)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina aureoguttata (Fowler, 1911)
synonymseniornew
Piabucina boruca Bussing, 1967
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lebiasina boruca (Bussing, 1967)
synonymseniornew
Derhamia hoffmannorum Géry & Zarske, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulininae
Pyrrhulina filamentosa Valenciennes, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina laeta (Cope, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Holotaxis laetus Cope, 1872
synonymseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina brevis Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina brevis brevis Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniorchange in rank
Pyrrhulina semifasciata Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina maxima Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina australis Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal
! Pyrrhulina australe Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
synonymseniororiginal1
Pyrrhulina macrolepis Ahl & Schindler, 1937
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina vittata Regan, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina lugubris Eigenmann, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina beni Pearson, 1924
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Pyrrhulina rachoviata Myers, 1926
synonymseniororiginal
! Pyrrhulina rachowiana Myers, 1926
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina stoli Boeseman, 1953
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina spilota Weitzman, 1960
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina zigzag Zarske & Géry, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina elongata Zarske & Géry, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina marilynae Netto-Ferreira & Marinho, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus beckfordi Günther, 1872
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus anomalus Steindachner, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannostomus simplex Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannostomus eques Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal2
Poecilobrycon eques (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
Poecilobrycon auratus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Poecilobrycon erythrurus (non Eigenmann, 1909)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Nannostomus unifasciatus Steindachner, 1876
acceptedseniororiginal2
Poecilobrycon ocellatus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannostomus erythrurus (Eigenmann, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilobrycon erythrurus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymseniororiginal2
Nannostomus harrisoni (Eigenmann, 1909)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilobrycon harrisoni Eigenmann, 1909
synonymseniororiginal2
Archicheir minutus Eigenmann, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Nannostomus minimus Eigenmann, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus digrammus (Fowler, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus espei (Meinken, 1956)
acceptedseniornew
Poecilobrycon espei Meinken, 1956
synonymseniororiginal2
Nannostomus marilynae Weitzman & Cobb, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Nannostomus marylinae Weitzman & Cobb, 1975
synonymseniororiginal
Nannostomus britskii Weitzman, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus limatus Weitzman, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus nitidus Weitzman, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus anduzei Fernandez & Weitzman, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus mortenthaleri Paepke & Arendt, 2001
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
Nannostomus grandis Zarske, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Copeina guttata (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Pyrrhulina guttata Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Copeina osgoodi Eigenmann, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal2
Copella compta (Myers, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina compta Myers, 1927
synonymseniororiginal2
Copella nattereri (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Pyrrhulina nattereri Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal2
Copeina callolepis Regan, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal2
Copella callolepis (Regan, 1912)
synonymjuniornew
Copella arnoldi (Regan, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina arnoldi Regan, 1912
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Copella eigenmanni (Regan, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina eigenmanni Regan, 1912
synonymseniororiginal1
Copella metae (Eigenmann, 1914)
acceptedseniornew
Copeina metae Eigenmann, 1914
synonymseniororiginal2
Pyrrhulina metae (Eigenmann, 1914)
synonymseniornew
Copella nigrofasciata (Meinken, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Copella vilmae Géry, 1963
acceptedseniororiginal2
Copella meinkeni Zarske & Géry, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
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