Family Kyphosidae - Sea chubs
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 14 | Species : 52 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Dorsal fin 9-16 spines, 11-28 soft rays. Vertebrae 24-28 (in Graus 34). Subfamilies Girellinae and Kyphosinae (except Graus) are herbivorous, feeding mainly on algae; the rest are carnivorous, feeding on benthic invertebrates. Congregate in great numbers for pelagic spawning. Usually found near shore. Foodfish in some areas, trashfish in others. That this family is monophyletic has yet to be established.
  Etymology
:
Greek, kyphos = hump ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Terapontiformes | Kyphosidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Kyphosidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Kyphosinae
Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède, 1801
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kyphosus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
! Kyphosus biggibus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Xyster fuscus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus fuscus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Pimelepterus fuscus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
! Pimelopterus fuscus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Dorsuarius nigrescens Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pimelepterus fallax Klunzinger, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pimelepterus indicus (non Cuvier, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
! Perca saltatrix Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Perca sectatrix Linnaeus, 1758
synonymotheroriginal
! Kyphosus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Kyphosus sectator (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymjuniornew
! Perca sactatrix Linnaeus, 1758
synonymotheroriginal
Pimelepterus bosquii Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Pimelepterus boscii Lacepède, 1802
synonymjuniororiginal
Kyphosus cinerascens (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sciaena cinerascens Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal1
Pimelepterus cinerascens (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Khyphosus cinerascens (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Pimelepterus tahmel (Forsskål, 1775)
ambiguousothernew
Cantharus maculatus Valenciennes, 1830
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus indicus (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pachymetopon squamosum Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Scorpis vinosa Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus lembus (non Cuvier, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
acceptedseniornew
Pimelepterus vaigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal1
! Khyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
! Kyphosus vaigensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
synonymseniornew
! Pimelepterus waigiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pimelepterus lembus Cuvier, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus lembus (Cuvier, 1831)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus gibsoni Ogilby, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal2
Segutilum gibsoni (Ogilby, 1912)
synonymjuniornew
Kyphosus bleekeri Fowler, 1933
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pimelepterus fuscus (non Cuvier, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus incisor (Cuvier, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus analogus (Gill, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Kyphosus elegans (Peters, 1869)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Kyphosus sandwicensis (Sauvage, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Kyphosus pacificus (non Sakai & Nakabo, 2004)
misappliedmisappliednew
Kyphosus lutescens (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Pimelepterus lutescens Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal1
Kyphosus sydneyanus (Günther, 1886)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Kyphosis sydneyanus (Günther, 1886)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Kyphosus indicus (non Cuvier, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pimelepterus indicus (non Cuvier, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Kyphosus cornelii (Whitley, 1944)
acceptedseniornew
Segutilum cornelii Whitley, 1944
synonymseniororiginal1
Kyphosus hawaiiensis Sakai & Nakabo, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kyphosus sandwicensis (non Sauvage, 1880)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus pacificus Sakai & Nakabo, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal1
Kyphosus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Kyphosus bigibbus (non Lacepède, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus fuscus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pimelepterus fuscus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus elegans (non Peters, 1869)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Kyphosus gladius Knudsen & Clements, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Segutilum klunzingeri Whitley, 1931
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Kyphosus sydneyanus (non McCulloch, 1920)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hermosilla azurea Jenkins & Evermann, 1889
acceptedseniororiginal1
Sectator ocyurus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Pimelepterus ocyurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal1
Sectator azureus Jordan & Evermann, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal1
Girellinae
Girella punctata Gray, 1835
acceptedseniororiginal1
Crenidens melanichthys Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Girella melanichthys (Richardson, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Girella tricuspidata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
acceptedseniornew
Boops tricuspidatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymseniororiginal1
Girella freminvillii (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Doidixodon freminvillii Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
! Girella freminvillei (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Girella laevifrons (Tschudi, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Doydixodon laevifrons (Tschudi, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Girella leonina (Richardson, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Crenidens leoninus Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Girella melanichthys (non Richardson, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Girella tephraeops (Richardson, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Crenidens tephraeops Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Tephraeops tephraeops (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Girella zebra (Richardson, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Crenidens zebra Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Girellichthys zebra (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Melambaphes zebra (Richardson, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Girella zonata Günther, 1859
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girella nigricans (Ayres, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Camarina nigricans Ayres, 1860
synonymseniororiginal1
Girella stuebeli Troschel, 1866
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Girella stubeli Troschel, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
Girella cyanea Macleay, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girella elevata Macleay, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girella albostriata Steindachner, 1898
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girella mezina Jordan & Starks, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girella nebulosa Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girellops nebulosus (Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Girella simplicidens Osburn & Nichols, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal1
Girella fimbriata (McCulloch, 1920)
acceptedseniornew
Girellops fimbriatus McCulloch, 1920
synonymseniororiginal1
! Girella fimbriatus (McCulloch, 1920)
synonymseniornew
Girella feliciana Clark, 1938
acceptedseniororiginal1
Graus nigra Philippi, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal1
Microcanthinae
Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Chaetodon strigatus Cuvier, 1831
synonymseniororiginal1
Micrognathus strigatus (Cuvier, 1831)
ambiguousothernew
Atypichthys strigatus (Günther, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Atypus strigatus Günther, 1860
synonymseniororiginal1
Atypichthys latus McCulloch & Waite, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal1
Tilodon sexfasciatus (Richardson, 1842)
acceptedseniornew
Chaetodon sexfasciatus Richardson, 1842
synonymseniororiginal1
Vinculum sexfasciatum (Richardson, 1842)
synonymseniornew
! Tilodon sexfasciatum (Richardson, 1842)
synonymseniornew
Neatypus obliquus Waite, 1905
acceptedseniororiginal1
Scorpidinae
Scorpis georgiana Valenciennes, 1832
acceptedseniororiginal
! Scorpis georgianus Valenciennes, 1832
synonymseniororiginal1
Scorpis aequipinnis Richardson, 1848
acceptedseniororiginal1
Scorpis chilensis Guichenot, 1848
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Scorpis lineolatus Kner, 1865
synonymseniororiginal1
Scorpis violacea (Hutton, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Ditrema violacea Hutton, 1873
synonymseniororiginal1
Scorpis violaceus (Hutton, 1873)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Labracoglossa nitida McCulloch & Waite, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Labracoglossus nitida McCulloch & Waite, 1916
synonymseniororiginal
Bathystethus cultratus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Cichla cultrata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Sciaena cultrata Forster, 1801
ambiguousotheroriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Medialuna californiensis (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Scorpis californiensis Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal1
Medialuna ancietae Chirichigno F., 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Neoscorpis lithophilus (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Scorpis lithophilus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal1
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