Family Hemitripteridae - Sea ravens or sailfin sculpins
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 8 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: northwestern Atlantic and North Pacific. Head and body covered with minute 'prickles' (modified, platelike scales bearing a single skin-covered spine). Frontoparietal ridgle knobby. Preopercular spines 3 or 4, mostly blunt and skin-covered. Two dorsal fins, the first with 6-19 spines, the second with 11-30 soft rays. Anal fin with 11-12 soft rays. Pelvic fins with 1 spine and 3 soft rays. Lateral line canal complete , opening through numerous pores (more than 35). Vomerine and palatine teeth present. Gill membranes broadly attached to the isthmus or forming a free fold across the isthmus. Branchiostegal rays 6. Gill rakers in the form of low, spinous lates or knobs. Swim bladder absent. Vertebrae 35-41. External genital papilla presnt in males of some species. Bands and other pigmentation present and consistent but colors varying in some species with habitat, particularly in Hemitripterus. Maximum size about 73 cm. Marine, primarily demersal; intertidal to depths of 420 m or more, most species shallower than 200 m. Feeds mostly on small invertebrates. Also Ref. 7463.
  Etymology
:
Greek, hemi = half + Greek, tri = three + Greek, pteryx = wing ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Perciformes | Cottoidei | Hemitripteridae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Hemitripteridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniornew
Scorpaena americana Gmelin, 1789
synonymseniororiginal2
Cottus acadian Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cottus hispidus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cottus tripterygius Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scorpaena americana Lacep├Ęde, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scorpaena flava Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scorpaena purpurea Mitchill, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Scorpaena rufa Mitchill, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas, 1814)
acceptedseniornew
Cottus villosus Pallas, 1814
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemitripterus cavifrons Lockington, 1880
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemitripterus americanus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemitripterus bolini (Myers, 1934)
acceptedseniornew
Ulca bolini Myers, 1934
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemitripterus boline (Myers, 1934)
synonymseniornew
! Ucla bolini Myers, 1934
synonymseniororiginal
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Ulca marmorata (Bean, 1890)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Blepsias cirrhosus (Pallas, 1814)
acceptedseniornew
Trachinus cirrhosus Pallas, 1814
synonymseniororiginal2
Blepsias trilobus Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Blepsias draciscus Jordan & Starks, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal2
Blepsias bilobus Cuvier, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal2
Histiocottus bilobus (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Nautichthys pribilovius (Jordan & Gilbert, 1898)
acceptedseniornew
Nautiscus pribilovius Jordan & Gilbert, 1898
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
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