Family Hemiodontidae - Halftooths
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 31 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : No | Marine : No
  Division
:
Primary freshwater
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Members of the family Hemiodontidae are distributed in South America. Mouth inferior in varying degrees. Lower jaw small and toothless in most species. Suggested new common name for this family from Ref. 58418.
  Etymology
:
Greek, hemi = half + Greek, odous = tooth, teeth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Otomorpha | Ostariophysi | Otophysa | Characiphysae | Characiformes | Characoidei | Hemiodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Hemiodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Anodus elongatus Agassiz, 1829
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Anodus steatops Cope, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anodus orinocensis (Steindachner, 1887)
acceptedseniornew
Elopomorphus orinocensis Steindachner, 1887
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemiodus unimaculatus (Bloch, 1794)
acceptedseniornew
Salmo unimaculatus Bloch, 1794
synonymseniororiginal2
Anodus notatus Jardine, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anisitsia notata (Jardine, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
Hemiodus crenidens Müller, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiodus microcephalus Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiodus kappleri Günther, 1868
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiodus amazonum (Humboldt, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
Curimatus amazonum Humboldt, 1821
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemiodus amazona (Humboldt, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus amazonus (Humboldt, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Prochilodus humboldti Valenciennes, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus gracilis Günther, 1864
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis gracilis (Günther, 1864)
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus orthonops Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodus goeldii Steindachner, 1908
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Hemiodus goeldi Steindachner, 1908
synonymseniororiginal
Hemiodus argenteus Pellegrin, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis argenteus (Pellegrin, 1909)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiodus ocellatus (Vari, 1982)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiodus quadrimaculatus Pellegrin, 1909
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis quadrimaculata (Pellegrin, 1909)
synonymseniornew
! Hemiodopsis quadrimaculatus (Pellegrin, 1909)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiodopsis vorderwinkleri (non Géry, 1964)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiodus parnaguae Eigenmann & Henn, 1916
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis parnaguae (Eigenmann & Henn, 1916)
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus rodolphoi Fowler, 1941
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis rodolphoi (Fowler, 1941)
synonymjuniornew
Hemiodus ternetzi Myers, 1927
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis ternetzi (Myers, 1927)
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus atranalis (Fowler, 1940)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiodus thayeria Böhlke, 1955
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis thayeria (Böhlke, 1955)
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus huraulti (Géry, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemiodus sterni (Géry, 1964)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiodopsis sterni Géry, 1964
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemiodus vorderwinckleri (Géry, 1964)
synonymseniornew
Hemiodus tocantinensis Langeani, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodus jatuarana Langeani, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodus langeanii Beltrão & Zuanon, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiodus iratapuru Langeani & Moreira, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Bivibranchia fowleri (Steindachner, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiodus fowleri Steindachner, 1908
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemiodopsis fowleri (Steindachner, 1908)
synonymseniornew
Bivibranchia protractila Eigenmann, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal2
Bivibranchia velox (Eigenmann & Myers, 1927)
acceptedseniornew
Atomaster velox Eigenmann & Myers, 1927
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Bivibranchia notata Vari & Goulding, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Bivibranchia simulata Géry, Planquette & Le Bail, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Bivibranchia simulata surinamensis Géry, Planquette & Le Bail, 1991
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Argonectes scapularis Böhlke & Myers, 1956
synonymjuniororiginal2
Argonectes robertsi Langeani, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
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