Family Gymnuridae - Butterfly rays
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 14 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indic and Pacific Oceans. Marine, rarely in estuaries. Outer anterior margin of pectorals continuous along side of head. Disc extremely broad. Dorsal fin and tail spines present or absent. Tail short.
  Etymology
:
Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek,tail = tai ( Ref. 45335)..
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Gymnuridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Gymnura micrura (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Raja micrura Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Pteroplatea micrura (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Gymnura micura (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Gymnura altavela (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Raja altavela Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Dasyatis altavela (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pteroplatea altavela (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Gymmnura altavela (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Raja maclura Lesueur, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pteroplatea canariensis Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal1
Dasyatis canariensis (Valenciennes, 1843)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pteroplatea vaillantii Rochebrune, 1880
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gymnura poecilura (Shaw, 1804)
acceptedseniornew
Raja poecilura Shaw, 1804
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Trygon poecilurus (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Urogymnus poecilura (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Trygon kunsa (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymjuniornew
! Pastinaca kunsa Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Pteroplatea annulata Swainson, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal2
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Astrape dipterygia (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Dasyatis micrura (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gymnura micrura (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pteroplatea micrura (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Ceratoptera ehrenbergi (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pteroplatea hirundo (non Lowe, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gymnura tentaculata (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Aetoplatea tentaculata Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Pteroplatea tentaculata (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Gymnura hirundo (Lowe, 1843)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Gymnura japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Pteroplatea japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1850
synonymseniororiginal1
! Gymmura japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Gymnura zonura (Bleeker, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
! Aetoplatea zonurus Bleeker, 1852
synonymseniororiginal1
Aetoplatea zonura Bleeker, 1852
synonymseniororiginal
Pteroplatea zonura (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
! Gymnura zonurus (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
Gymnura marmorata (Cooper, 1864)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Gymnura crebripunctata (Peters, 1869)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Pteroplatea rava Jordan & Starks, 1895
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gymnura australis (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886)
acceptedseniornew
Pteroplatea australis Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886
synonymseniororiginal1
Gymnura natalensis (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1911)
acceptedseniornew
Pteroplatea natalensis Gilchrist & Thompson, 1911
synonymseniororiginal1
Urogymnus natalensis (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1911)
synonymseniornew
Gymnura bimaculata (Norman, 1925)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gymnura crooki Fowler, 1934
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gymnura afuerae (Hildebrand, 1946)
acceptedseniornew
Pteroplatea afuerae Hildebrand, 1946
synonymseniororiginal1
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