Family Gadidae - Cods and haddocks
  Order
:

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Gadidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 13 | Species : 24 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
middle   Tertiary     Oligocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Marine: Arctic, Atlantic, and Pacific. Three dorsal fins and two anal fins, the first dorsal behind head. No spines. Pelvics before pectorals. Teeth present on vomer. Usually with barbel. No otophysic connection between swim bladder and auditory capsules. Egg without oil globule. Up to about 2 m maximum length in Gadus morhua. Members of the family are found in circumpolar and temperate waters, mainly of the northern hemisphere. Most species are demersal or benthopelagic, feeding on fish and invertebrates. Schooling and long-distance migrations are known for several gadid species. The family is second only to the Clupeidae in terms of the global volume of marine fish landings. Following Eschmeyer (Ref. 1830) Lotidae and Phycidae are not included.
  Etymology
:
Latin, gadus = a kind of fish ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Paracanthomorphacea | Zeiogadaria | Gadiformes | Gadoidei | Gadidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Gadidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
Asellus major Not given
synonymotherother
Gadus morhua morhua Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Gadus morrhua Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Gadus callarias Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus morhua callarias Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Gadus vertagus Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus heteroglossus Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus ruber Lacepède, 1803
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Gadus arenosus Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus rupestris Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal1
Morhua vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Morrhua vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal
Morhua punctatus Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus nanus Faber, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Morrhua americana Storer, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniorchange in species
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymseniorchange in rank
Gadus pygmaeus Pallas, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus auratus Cope, 1873
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus brandtii Hilgendorf, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Gadus brandti Hilgendorf, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal
Gadus morhua (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eleginus navaga (non Kölreuter, 1770)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gadus ogac Richardson, 1836
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gadus morhua ogac Richardson, 1836
synonymseniorchange in rank
Gadus ovak Reinhardt, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gadus ogat Krøyer, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gadus morhua marisalbi Derjugin, 1920
ambiguousotherchange in species
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Gadiculus argenteus Guichenot, 1850
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
Merlangus argenteus (Guichenot, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Cadiculus argenteus Guichenot, 1850
synonymseniororiginal
Gadiculus thori Schmidt, 1913
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Gadiculus argenteus (non Guichenot, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Merlangius merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus merlangus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
synonymseniornew
Odontogadus merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Merlangius merlangius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Merlangus merlangus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Merlangus vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus euxinus Nordmann, 1840
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniornew
! Merlangus merlangus euxinus (Nordmann, 1840)
synonymjuniornew
Merlangus linnei Malm, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Eleginus nawaga (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus nawaga Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Eleginus navaga (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
! Eleginus navaga navaga (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
! Gadus navaga Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniorchange in rank
Gadus nawaga Koelreuter, 1770
ambiguousotheroriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal
Eleginus gracilis (Tilesius, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus gracilis Tilesius, 1810
synonymseniororiginal1
Eleginus navaga gracilis (Tilesius, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Gadus wachna Pallas, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Trisopterus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus luscus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Gadulus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Morhua lusca (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Trisopterus luscus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Gadus barbatus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniororiginal1
Morhua barbata Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gadus colias Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Trisopterus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus minutus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Brachygadus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Gadulus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Gadus tacaud Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal2
Morua capelanus Risso, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trisopterus capelanus (Lacepède, 1800)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus capelanus Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Trisopterus esmarkii (Nilsson, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus esmarkii Nilsson, 1855
synonymseniororiginal1
! Boreogadus esmarki (Nilsson, 1855)
synonymseniornew
! Trisopterus esmarki (Nilsson, 1855)
synonymseniornew
Raniceps raninus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Blennius raninus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Gadus raninus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Phycis ranina (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Cottus grunniens Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniororiginal1
Blennius fuscus Müller, 1776
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus fuliginosus Walbaum, 1784
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus trifurcus Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Gadus minimus Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal1
Batrachoides blennioides Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Raniceps jago Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raniceps niger Nilsson, 1832
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raniceps fuscus Krøyer, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pollachius pollachius (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus pollachius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Merlangus pollachius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Gadus lycostomus Faber, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pollachius typus Bonaparte, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus viridis Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus virens Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Merlangus virens (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Polachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymjuniornew
Gadus carbonarius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniororiginal1
Merlangus carbonarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymjuniornew
Pollachius carbonarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymjuniornew
Gadus colinus Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus sey Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus purpureus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Merlangus purpureus (Mitchill, 1814)
synonymjuniornew
Boreogadus saida (Lepechin, 1774)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus saida Lepechin, 1774
synonymseniororiginal1
Merlangus polaris Sabine, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal1
Boreogadus polaris (Sabine, 1824)
synonymjuniornew
Pollachius polaris (Sabine, 1824)
synonymjuniornew
Gadus fabricii Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus agilis Reinhardt, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus aeglefinus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Morhua aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Melanogrammes aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Boreogadus poutassou (Risso, 1827)
synonymseniornew
Gadus poutassou (Risso, 1827)
synonymseniornew
! Gadus potassoa (Risso, 1827)
synonymjuniornew
synonymseniornew
Merlangus vernalis Risso, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal1
Merlangus pertusus Cocco, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Merlangus pertusis Cocco, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Merlangus albus Yarrell, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Merlangus communis Costa, 1844
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Gadus melanostomus Nilsson, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
Micromesistius australis pallidus Inada & Nakamura, 1975
synonymjuniororiginal1
Microgadus proximus (Girard, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus proximus Girard, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
! Morrhua proxima (Girard, 1854)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus californicus (Ayres, 1854)
synonymjuniornew
Microgadus tomcod (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus tomcod Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
! Morrhua tomcodus (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Gadus frost Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus pruinosus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Morrhua pruinosa (Mitchill, 1814)
synonymjuniorNew
Gadus tomcodus fuscus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus tomcod fuscus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal
Gadus tomcodus luteus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
Gadus tomcod luteus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal
Gadus tomcodus mixtus Mitchill, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Gadus polymorphus Mitchill, 1815
ambiguousotherchange in rank
Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas, 1814)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus chalcogrammus Pallas, 1814
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Theracra chalcogramma (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
! Theragra chalcogrammus (Pallas, 1814)
synonymseniornew
Gadus periscopus Cope, 1873
synonymjuniororiginal2
Gadus minor Döderlein, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pollachius chalcogrammus fucensis Jordan & Gilbert, 1893
synonymjuniororiginal2
Theragra fucensis (Jordan & Gilbert, 1893)
synonymjuniornew
Theragra finnmarchica Koefoed, 1956
acceptedseniororiginal4
! Theragra finmarchica Koefoed, 1956
synonymseniororiginal
Arctogadus glacialis (Peters, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Gadus glacialis Peters, 1872
synonymseniororiginal1
Arctogadus borisovi Dryagin, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal2
Boreogadus pearyi Nichols & Maxwell, 1933
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
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