Family Embiotocidae - Surfperches
  Order
:

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Embiotocidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 13 | Species : 26 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Peripheral/diadromous
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: North Pacific, coastal, rarely in freshwater. Dorsal fin with 6-11 spines, except in Hysterocarpus traski (15-19); soft rays 9-28. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 15-35. Scales cycloid. Lateral line with generally 35-75 scales. Forked caudal fin. Viviparous. Intromission by the male is aided by the thickened anterior of anal fin. Embryos may rely on connections to maternal tissue for developmental requirements. About 45 cm maximum length, reported for Rhacochilus toxotes.
  Etymology
:
Greek, embios = persistent, for the whole life + [gr, tokos, -ou], birth ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Incertae | sedis | in | Ovalentaria | Embiotocidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Embiotocidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Embiotoca jacksoni Agassiz, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Embiotoca jacksonii Agassiz, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
Embiotoca cassidyi Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Embiotoca webbi Girard, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Embiotoca lateralis Agassiz, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal1
Ditrema laterale (Agassiz, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Taeniotoca lateralis (Agassiz, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Phanerodon cateralis (Agassiz, 1854)
synonymseniornew
Holconotus agassizi Gibbons, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Embiotoca lineata Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
Embiotoca ornata Girard, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Sema signifer Jordan, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Ditrema temminckii Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal5
! Ditrema temmincki Bleeker, 1853
synonymseniororiginal
Ditrema laeve Günther, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal5
Ditrema smitti Nyström, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal5
Ditrema jordani (non Franz, 1910)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Ditrema jordani Franz, 1910
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Ditrema temmincki (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Ditrema viride Oshima, 1940
acceptedseniororiginal
! Ditrema viridis Oshima, 1940
synonymseniororiginal1
Ditrema temminckii pacificum Katafuchi & Nakabo, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal5
Micrometrus pacificus (Katafuchi & Nakabo, 2007)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Amphistichus rhodoterus (Agassiz, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Holconotus rhodoterus Agassiz, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Cymatogaster larkinsis Gibbons, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Amphistichus koelzi (Hubbs, 1933)
acceptedseniornew
Crossochir koelzi Hubbs, 1933
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Cymatogaster aggregatus Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguousotheroriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hyperprosopon argenteus Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
Hyperprosopon ellipticum (Gibbons, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Hyperprosopon anale Agassiz, 1861
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hyperprosopon analis Agassiz, 1861
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Hysterocarpus traskii Gibbons, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal5
! Hysterocarpus traski Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal5
Dacentrus lucens Jordan, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
acceptedseniororiginal5
synonymseniororiginal
Micrometrus minimus (Gibbons, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Cymatogaster minimus Gibbons, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Holconotus trowbridgei Girard, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Micrometrus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Abeona aurora Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Amphigonopterus aurora (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
synonymseniornew
Phanerodon furcatus Girard, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal1
Phanerodon atripes (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Ditrema atripes Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
Ditrema orthonotus Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhacochilus toxotes Agassiz, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhacochilus vacca (Girard, 1855)
acceptedseniornew
Damalichthys vacca Girard, 1855
synonymseniororiginal1
Ditrema vacca (Girard, 1855)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853)
acceptedseniornew
Embiotoca caryi Agassiz, 1853
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Ditrema brevipinne Günther, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal1
Brachyistius brevipinnis (Günther, 1862)
synonymjuniornew
Brachyistius aletes (Tarp, 1952)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Neoditrema ransonnetii Steindachner, 1883
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Neoditrema ransonneti Steindachner, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
! Neoditrema ransonnetti Steindachner, 1883
synonymseniororiginal
Zalembius rosaceus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Cymatogaster rosaceus Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal1
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