Family Echinorhinidae - Bramble sharks
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 2 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: wide-ranging, deepwater sharks in cold-temperate to tropical seas. Circumglobal distribution on continental and insular shelves and slopes from 11 to 900 m, on or near the bottom. Large (3-4 m), short-nosed, stout cylindrical sharks. Two small spineless dorsal fins, close together, towards posterior part of body and originating behind pelvic fin origin. Absence of anal fin and subterminal notch on caudal fin. Skin covered with coarse denticles or enlarged thorns. Small spiracles, very short labial furrows and teeth on both jaws alike, with a central oblique bladelike cusps with up to 3 cusplets on each side (absent in juveniles). They feed on a variety of benthic and neritic fishes, including other sharks, ling, hake, flatfishes, lingcod, lizardfishes, rockfishes, topsmelt, herring, and elephantfishes, as well as crabs, octopuses and squids. They are thought to suck in their prey by suddenly expanding their mouths and pharynxes when in range. They are ovoviviparous and lack a yolksac placenta. Closely related to dogfishes (Ref. 247, 6871, 5578).
  Etymology
:
Greek, echinos = sea urchin + Greek, rhinos = nose ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Echinorhinidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus brucus Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal1
Squalus spinosus Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echinorhinus spinosus (Gmelin, 1789)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echinorhinus mccoyi Whitley, 1931
synonymjuniororiginal1
Echinorhinus cookei Pietschmann, 1928
acceptedseniororiginal1
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