Family Dactyloscopidae - Sand stargazers
  Order
:

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Dactyloscopidae
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Dactyloscopidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 9 | Species : 48 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: North and South America. Warm temperate to tropical (Ref. 7463); marine and estuarine, rarely freshwater (Ref. 94100). Mouth strongly oblique. Usually with fringes on lips. Upper margin of operculum with fingerlike subdivisions. Eyes dorsally placed and somewhat protrusible; with or without eye stalk. Pelvic fin jugular, with 1 spine and 3 soft rays. Dorsal fin long, continuous or divided; 7-23 spines, 12-36 soft rays. Anal fin 21-41 soft rays. Lateral line 33-73 scales. Body scales cycloid. Parasphenoid absent. Vertebrae 10-13 abdominal, 23-42 caudal. Maximum length about 15 cm. Frequently burrow in sand. Pumps water with a branchiostegal instead of an opercular pump (Ref. 7463). Ventral margins of the opercles overlapping below the isthmus, fimbriae on the ventral margins of the interopercles; presence of bony fimbriae extending from the ventral margin of the interopercle and posterodorsal margin of the opercle; lateral line strongly arched anteriad and approaching the dorsal midline (Ref. 94100). The insertion of the hyomandibula relatively far posterior, well separated from the posterior margin of the orbit. Some with the distal portion of the median-fin spines unossified (Ref. 94102).
  Etymology
:
Greek, daktylos = finger + Greek, skopein = to watch ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Blenniimorphae | Blenniiformes | Blennioidei | Dactyloscopidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Dactyloscopidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Cokeridia kathetostoma Carvalho, 1957
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniornew
Paragillelus macropoma Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal
Tamandareia oliveirai Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dactyloscopus zelotes Jordan & Gilbert, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dactyloscopus moorei (Fowler, 1906)
acceptedseniornew
Congrammus moorei Fowler, 1906
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Springeria santosi Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal1
Jopaica santosi (Carvalho & Pinto, 1965)
synonymjuniornew
Paramyxodagnus moreirai Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal1
Paramyxodagnus mangaratibensis Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Dactyloscopus elongatus Myers & Wade, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniorchange in rank
Dactyloscopus lacteus (Myers & Wade, 1946)
acceptedseniornew
Cokeridia lactea Myers & Wade, 1946
synonymseniororiginal1
Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Dactyloscopus pectoralis (non Gill, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dactyloscopus poeyi (non Gill, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxodagnus macrognathus Hildebrand, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxodagnus sagitta Myers & Wade, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxodagnus belone Böhlke, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myxodagnus walkeri Dawson, 1976
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dactylagnus peratikos Böhlke & Caldwell, 1961
acceptedseniororiginal1
Dactylagnus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Dactylagnus parvus Dawson, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Dactylagnus porvus Dawson, 1976
synonymseniororiginal
Gillellus semicinctus Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus arenicola Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus ornatus Gilbert, 1892
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus greyae Kanazawa, 1952
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus uranidea Böhlke, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus searcheri Dawson, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus healae Dawson, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus semicinctus (non Gilbert, 1890)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gillellus jacksoni Dawson, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal1
Gillellus semicinctus (non Gilbert, 1890)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gillellus inescatus Williams, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal1
Heteristius cinctus (Osburn & Nichols, 1916)
acceptedseniornew
Dactyloscopus cinctus Osburn & Nichols, 1916
synonymseniororiginal1
Leurochilus acon Böhlke, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal1
Platygillellus rubellulus (Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
! Gillelus rubellulus Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal1
Gillellus rubellulus Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Heteristius rubrocinctus (Longley, 1934)
synonymseniornew
! Platigillellus rubrocinctus (Longley, 1934)
synonymseniornew
Gillellus quadrocinctus Beebe & Hollister, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Gillellus quadricinctus Beebe & Hollister, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
! Gillellus quadrocintus Beebe & Hollister, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
Sindoscopus australis (Fowler & Bean, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Gillellus australis Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymseniororiginal1
Storrsia olsoni Dawson, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal1
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