Family Dactyloscopidae - Sand stargazers
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 9 | Species : 48 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: North and South America. Warm temperate to tropical (Ref. 7463); marine and estuarine, rarely freshwater (Ref. 94100). Mouth strongly oblique. Usually with fringes on lips. Upper margin of operculum with fingerlike subdivisions. Eyes dorsally placed and somewhat protrusible; with or without eye stalk. Pelvic fin jugular, with 1 spine and 3 soft rays. Dorsal fin long, continuous or divided; 7-23 spines, 12-36 soft rays. Anal fin 21-41 soft rays. Lateral line 33-73 scales. Body scales cycloid. Parasphenoid absent. Vertebrae 10-13 abdominal, 23-42 caudal. Maximum length about 15 cm. Frequently burrow in sand. Pumps water with a branchiostegal instead of an opercular pump (Ref. 7463). Ventral margins of the opercles overlapping below the isthmus, fimbriae on the ventral margins of the interopercles; presence of bony fimbriae extending from the ventral margin of the interopercle and posterodorsal margin of the opercle; lateral line strongly arched anteriad and approaching the dorsal midline (Ref. 94100). The insertion of the hyomandibula relatively far posterior, well separated from the posterior margin of the orbit. Some with the distal portion of the median-fin spines unossified (Ref. 94102).
  Etymology
:
Greek, daktylos = finger + Greek, skopein = to watch ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Blenniimorphae | Blenniiformes | Blennioidei | Dactyloscopidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Dactyloscopidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Cokeridia kathetostoma Carvalho, 1957
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Paragillelus macropoma Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal
Tamandareia oliveirai Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dactyloscopus zelotes Jordan & Gilbert, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dactyloscopus moorei (Fowler, 1906)
acceptedseniornew
Congrammus moorei Fowler, 1906
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Springeria santosi Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal2
Jopaica santosi (Carvalho & Pinto, 1965)
synonymjuniornew
Paramyxodagnus moreirai Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal2
Paramyxodagnus mangaratibensis Carvalho & Pinto, 1965
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Dactyloscopus elongatus Myers & Wade, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
Dactyloscopus lacteus (Myers & Wade, 1946)
acceptedseniornew
Cokeridia lactea Myers & Wade, 1946
synonymseniororiginal2
Dactyloscopus amnis Miller & Briggs, 1962
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Dactyloscopus pectoralis (non Gill, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dactyloscopus poeyi (non Gill, 1861)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Myxodagnus macrognathus Hildebrand, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal2
Myxodagnus sagitta Myers & Wade, 1946
acceptedseniororiginal2
Myxodagnus belone Böhlke, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal2
Myxodagnus walkeri Dawson, 1976
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dactylagnus peratikos Böhlke & Caldwell, 1961
acceptedseniororiginal2
Dactylagnus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Dactylagnus parvus Dawson, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Dactylagnus porvus Dawson, 1976
synonymseniororiginal
Gillellus semicinctus Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus arenicola Gilbert, 1890
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus ornatus Gilbert, 1892
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus greyae Kanazawa, 1952
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus uranidea Böhlke, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus searcheri Dawson, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus healae Dawson, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus semicinctus (non Gilbert, 1890)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gillellus jacksoni Dawson, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gillellus semicinctus (non Gilbert, 1890)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Gillellus inescatus Williams, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal2
Heteristius cinctus (Osburn & Nichols, 1916)
acceptedseniornew
Dactyloscopus cinctus Osburn & Nichols, 1916
synonymseniororiginal2
Leurochilus acon Böhlke, 1968
acceptedseniororiginal2
Platygillellus rubellulus (Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
! Gillelus rubellulus Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal2
Gillellus rubellulus Kendall & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Heteristius rubrocinctus (Longley, 1934)
synonymseniornew
! Platigillellus rubrocinctus (Longley, 1934)
synonymseniornew
Gillellus quadrocinctus Beebe & Hollister, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Gillellus quadricinctus Beebe & Hollister, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
! Gillellus quadrocintus Beebe & Hollister, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Sindoscopus australis (Fowler & Bean, 1923)
acceptedseniornew
Gillellus australis Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymseniororiginal2
Storrsia olsoni Dawson, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal2
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