Family Cyclopteridae - Lumpfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 6 | Species : 27 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Arctic, northern regions of the North Pacific and North Atlantic. Most speciose in North Pacific. Sucking disk composed of modified pelvic fin elements; short gill openings; no normal scales; and no head spines. Vertebrae 23-29; globose or nearly globose body; 2 short dorsal fins; and a short anal fin. Most lumpfishes have spiny tubercles on the head and body. The number, structure and arrangement of the tubercles are important taxonomic characters. First dorsal fin with 4-8 spines, second dorsal with 8-13 soft rays located opposite an anal fin with 7-13 soft rays. Dorsal and anal fins not confluent with caudal fin, a definite caudal peduncle present. Caudal fin large and slightly rounded. Pectoral fins with 19-29 rays, extending ventrally in front of the pelvic disk. Nostrils tubular, two pairs. Cephalic lateral line canals well developed (occipital absent in some species); pores of operculomandibular canals extended externally as barbel-like tubes in some species. Trunk lateral line canal absent or short; superficial neuromasts, papillate in some species, present. Small, conical teeth on jaws arranged in a few rows or narrow bands. Gill opening entirely above pectoral fin base, except extending a little below upper corner of pectoral base in Cyclopterus. Branchiostegal rays 6. Swim bladder absent. Maximum length 61 cm. Marine; most species benthic on continental shelf and upper slope. A few species are primarily pelagic in deeper waters. Some, maybe all, spawn in shallow coastal waters, sometimes migrating hundreds of miles. After spawning, males guards the eggs. Diet in benthic environment includes polychaetes, crustaceans and mollusks. Pelagic diet comprises slow-moving prey, mostly medusae and ctenophores. In what may be partly a defensive reaction, they inflate their bodies by swallowing air or water. Also known as lumpsuckers. Nelson 1994 (Ref. 7463) recognizes Liparidae as a separate family.
  Etymology
:
Greek, kyklos = circle + Greek, pteryx, pterygion = fin ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Perciformes | Cottoidei | Cyclopteridae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Cyclopteridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal2
Cyclopterus minutus Pallas, 1769
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cyclopterus caeruleus Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lumpus vulgaris McMurtrie, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lumpus anglorum DeKay, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Cyclopteropsis brashnikovi (Schmidt, 1904)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Cyclopteropsis macalpini (Fowler, 1914)
synonymseniornew
Cyclopteropsis jordani Soldatov, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal2
Cyclopteropsis popovi Soldatov, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cyclopteropsis inarmatus Mednikov & Prokhorov, 1956
acceptedseniororiginal2
Aptocyclus ventricosus (Pallas, 1769)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cyclopterichthys glaber Steindachner, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal2
Elephantichthys copeianus Hubbs & Schultz, 1934
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pelagocyclus vitiazi Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymjuniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus spinosus (Fabricius, 1776)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclopterus spinosus Fabricius, 1776
synonymseniororiginal2
Lethotremus armouri Fowler, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
! Eumicrotremus eggvini Koefoed, 1956
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Eumicrotremus andriashevi (non Perininov, 1937)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eumicrotremus terraenovae (non Myers & Böhlke, 1950)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eumicrotremus orbis (Günther, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclopterus orbis Günther, 1861
synonymseniororiginal2
Lethotremus vinolentus Jordan & Starks, 1895
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus gyrinops (Garman, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus pacificus chinensis Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus phrynoides Gilbert & Burke, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal2
Cyclopterocottus phrynoides (Gilbert & Burke, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Cyclopteropsis phrynoides (Gilbert & Burke, 1912)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in species
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal1
Eumicrotremus terraenovae Myers & Böhlke, 1950
acceptedseniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus barbatus (Lindberg & Legeza, 1955)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclopteropsis barbatus Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymseniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus schmidti Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
acceptedseniororiginal2
Eumicrotremus tartaricus Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Eumicrotremus orbis tartaricus Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymseniororiginal1
Eumicrotremus fedorovi Mandrytsa, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lethotremus muticus Gilbert, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Lethrotremus muticus Gilbert, 1896
synonymseniororiginal
Lethotremus awae Jordan & Snyder, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
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