Family Belonidae - Needlefishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 10 | Species : 47 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
middle   Tertiary   middle   Oligocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: Marine and freshwater. Tropical and temperate waters. Diagnostic Features: Elongate fishes with both upper and lower jaws extended into long beaks filled with sharp teeth (except in neotenic Belonion); nostrils in a pit anterior to eyes. No spines in fins; dorsal and anal fins posterior in position; pectoral fins short. Dorsal fin with 11-43 rays; anal fin with 12-39 rays, pelvic fins, with 6 soft rays, are located in an abdominal position; and pectoral fins with 5-15 rays. Lateral line running down from pectoral fin origin and then along ventral margin of body. Scales small, cycloid, easily detached. Precaudal vertebrae 33-65, caudal vertebrae 19-41 and total vertebrae 52-97. Colour: These fishes live at the surface and are protectively colored for this mode of life by being green or blue on the back and silvery white on the lower sides and belly. Usually, a dusky or dark blue stripe along sides; fleshy tip of lower jaw frequently red or orange. Some fresh water needlefishes reach only 6 or 7 cm in total length while some marine species may attain 2 m. Composition of Family: The Belonidae contains 10 genera and 34 species. Four genera are monotypic: the southern African Petalichthys, the worldwide Ablennes and Platybelone, and apparently the Asian freshwater Xenetodon. The eastern Atlantic Belone contains two species. Tylosurus contains six species of strictly marine species. Three genera are restricted to freshwaters of South America: Belonion (two species), Potamorrhaphis (three), and Pseudotylosurus (two). The most speciose genus, Strongylura, contains 14 species, mostly marine, some estuarine, and three strictly freshwater, two of which are found in Central and South America, S. fluviatilis from Ecuador and Colombia and S. hubbsi from Mexico and Guatemala. Five species are considered polytypic, containing a total of 17 subspecies. Habitat and Biology: Most species are marine, but some occur in freshwaters. Carnivorous, feeding largely on small fishes which they catch sideways in their beaks. Needlefishes tend to leap and skitter at the surface and some people have been injured when accidentally struck by them, particularly at night when the fishes are attracted by lights. Eggs have entangling tendrils which act as holdfasts to each other and to objects in the water (Ref. 205). Interest to Fisheries: Caught by casting or trolling surface or near-surface lures and in floating gill nets. Flesh excellent in flavor although some people have misgivings about eating it due to the presence of many small bones and the green color of the bones.
  Etymology
:
Greek, belone = needle ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Atherinomorphae | Beloniformes | Exocoetoidei | Belonidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Belonidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761)
acceptedseniornew
Esox belone Linnaeus, 1761
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761)
synonymseniornew
! Belone bellone (Linnaeus, 1761)
synonymseniornew
Belone longirostris Schinz, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone acus Risso, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone rostrata Faber, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Hemiramphus europaeus Yarrell, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone gracilis Lowe, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus balticus Hohnbaum-Hornschuch, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal1
Hemiramphus behnii van der Hoeven, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone vulgaris Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone cornidii Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone linnei Malm, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone euxini Günther, 1866
acceptedseniororiginal2
Belone belone euxini Günther, 1866
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Belone belone (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone svetovidovi Collette & Parin, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal1
Belone belone (non Linnaeus, 1761)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belonion apodion Collette, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Belonion dibranchodon Collette, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Strongylura strongylura (van Hasselt, 1823)
acceptedseniornew
Belone strongylura van Hasselt, 1823
synonymseniororiginal1
Tylosurus strongylura (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus strongylurus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Belone strongylurus van Hasselt, 1823
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylurus strongylura (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus strongilurus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus strongylorus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
Strongylura caudimaculata van Hasselt, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone caudimacula Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone oculata Leschenault, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone saigonensis Sauvage, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura marina (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Esox marinus Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
Esox houttuyni Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox belone houttuyni Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Belone houttuyni Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox belone marinus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox longirostris Mitchill, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Belona truncata Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone truncata Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone almeida Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone galeata Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone timucu Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone scrutator Girard, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Esox belone timucu Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone cigonella Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone depressa Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tylosurus euryops Bean & Dresel, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tylosurus sagitta Jordan & Gilbert, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura anastomella (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone anastomella Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Ablennes anastomella (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Belone gracilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Belone esocina Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tylosurus issajewi Gratzianov, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura incisa (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone incisa Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone leiuroides Bleeker, 1851
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Belone liuroides Günther, 1866
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Tylosurus terebra Whitley, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhaphiobelone robusta Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura senegalensis (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone senegalensis Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone capensis Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone houttuyni (non Walbaum, 1792)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura marina (non Walbaum, 1792)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone truncata (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura urvillii (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone urvillii Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
! Strongylura urvilli (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Belone macrolepis Bleeker, 1857
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura leiura (Bleeker, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Belone leiurus Bleeker, 1850
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus leiurus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Belone leira Bleeker, 1850
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylura leiyra (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Strongylurus leiura (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Belone ciconia Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone ferox Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone natalensis Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Belone exilis Girard, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone stolzmanni Steindachner, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura stolzmanni (Steindachner, 1878)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus sierrita Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura peruana Fowler, 1919
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura tahitiensis Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Belone notata Poey, 1860
synonymseniororiginal5
Strongylura notata (Poey, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Strongylura krefftii (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Belone krefftii Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal1
! Strongylura kreffti (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura scapularis (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Tylosurus scapularis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal1
Tylosurus jordani Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Belone fluviatilis Regan, 1903
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal5
Strongylura hubbsi Collette, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal1
Tylosurus acus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
Esox imperialis Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal5
Belone imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Strongylura imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal5
! Belone cantrainii (Cocco, 1833)
synonymjuniornew
Strongylura acus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone choram (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura raphidoma (non Ranzani, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Tylosurus acus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
Sphyraena acus Lacepède, 1803
synonymseniororiginal5
Strongylura acus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
! Tylosaurus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
! Belona carribaea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone carribaea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belona carribea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone latimana Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone altipinna Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone jonesii Goode, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone gerania (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
! Belona crocodila Péron & Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal5
Belone crocodilus Péron & Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
Strongylura crocodila (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Strongylura crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
! Belone crocodila Péron & Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylurus crocodila (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodiles crocodiles (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodilis crocodilis (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodilius (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Belone coromandelica van Hasselt, 1823
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone timucoides van Hasselt, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone raphidoma Ranzani, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal5
Strongylura raphidoma (Ranzani, 1842)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus raphidoma (Ranzani, 1842)
synonymjuniornew
Belone gigantea Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal5
Strongylura gigantea (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus giganteus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Belone annulata Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal5
Tylosurus annulatus (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
! Strongylurus annulatus (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Belone gerania Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone melanurus Bleeker, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone cylindrica Bleeker, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone crassa Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone koseirensis Klunzinger, 1871
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
Esox aaveri Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone marisrubri marisrubri (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mastaccembelus choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Tylosurus choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone robusta (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Tylosurus choram (Rüppell, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Belone choram Rüppell, 1837
synonymseniororiginal1
! Tylosurus chorum (Rüppell, 1837)
synonymseniornew
Esox belone marisrubri Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone robusta Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tylosurus acus melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Belone melanotus Bleeker, 1850
synonymseniororiginal5
Strongylura melanota (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus melanota (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Strongylura melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Belone appendiculatus Klunzinger, 1871
synonymjuniororiginal5
Strongylura appendiculata (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
Thalassosteus appendiculatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
! Thallasosteus appendiculatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
Strongylura auloceps Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal5
Tylosurus punctulatus (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Belone punctulata Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone brachyrhynchos Bleeker, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone philippinus (Herre, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus gavialoides (Castelnau, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Belone gavialoides Castelnau, 1873
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone groeneri Klunzinger, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal2
Belone gracilis Macleay, 1881
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Belone macleayana Ogilby, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone staigeri Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Tylosurus staigeri (Saville-Kent, 1893)
ambiguousothernew
Belone tyrannus Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal2
! Belone tyranus Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal
! Tylosurus tyranus (Saville-Kent, 1893)
ambiguousothernew
Belone vorax Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Tylosurus vorax (Saville-Kent, 1893)
ambiguousothernew
Tylosurus howesi Ogilby, 1907
ambiguousotheroriginal1
Tylosurus impotens Ogilby, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura fijiense Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tylosurus pacificus (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Belone pacifica Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal1
Tylosurus acus pacificus (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tylosurus crocodilus fodiator Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Tylosurus fodiator Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal5
Strongylura fodiator (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus acus rafale Collette & Parin, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal5
Strongylura acus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura caribbaea (non Lessueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone caribaea (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura crocodila (non Peron & Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone choram (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Belone guianensis Jardine, 1843
synonymseniororiginal1
! Potamorrhapis guianensis (Jardine, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Belone scolopacina Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone taeniata Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pseudotylosurus microps (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Potamorrhaphis eigenmanni Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Potamorhaphis eigenmanni Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
Potamorrhaphis guianensis (non Jardine, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone taeniata (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Potamorrhaphis petersi Collette, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal1
Potamorrhaphis guianensis (non Schomburgk, 1843)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Potamorrhaphis labiatus Sant'Anna, Delapieve & Reis, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone hians Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal1
Tylosurus hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
! Ablenes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
! Athlennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
! Blennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Belone melanostigma Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mastaccembelus melanostigma (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Belone maculata Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ablennes pacificus Walford, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal1
Strongylura anastomella (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Xenentodon cancila (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Esox cancila Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone cancila (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Xenenthodon cancila (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Belone graii Sykes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox indica McClelland, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal1
Esox hindostanicus Falconer, 1868
synonymjuniororiginal1
Xenentodon canciloides (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Xenentodon canciloides (Bleeker, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Belone canciloides Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Belone platyura Bennett, 1832
synonymseniororiginal5
Platybelone platyura (Bennett, 1832)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Platybelone argala platyura (Bennett, 1832)
synonymseniornew
Belone carinata Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone persimilis Günther, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal5
Platybelone dorsalis Whitley, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal5
Belone dorsalis (Whitley, 1932)
synonymjuniornew
Esox teatae Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal5
Platybelone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Belona argalus Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal5
Platybelone argalus (Lesueur, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
! Platybelone argala (Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Belone ardeola Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal5
Strongylura ardeola (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal5
acceptedseniornew
Belone platura Rüppell, 1837
synonymseniororiginal5
Platybelone argalus trachura (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone trachura Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal5
Belone ardeola trachura Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniorchange in rank
Belone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone platyura (non Bennett, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone lovii (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Platybelone argalus lovii (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Belone lovii Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal5
Belone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Platybelone argala argala (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone platyura (non Bennet, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone ardeola (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone ardeola ardeola (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone trachura (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Platybelone argalus pterura (Osburn & Nichols, 1916)
acceptedseniornew
Tylosurus pterurus Osburn & Nichols, 1916
synonymseniororiginal5
Platybelone argalus annobonensis Collette & Parin, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal5
Platybelone annobonensis Collette & Parin, 1970
synonymseniorchange in rank
Belone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone platyura (non Bennett, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone lovii (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Belone angusticeps Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal1
! Pseudotylosurus augusticeps (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
! Pseudotylusurus angusticeps (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
Pseudotylosurus brasiliensis Fernández-Yépez, 1948
synonymjuniororiginal1
Pseudotylosurus microps (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Belone microps Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal1
Belone amazonica Steindachner, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal1
Deltatylosurus guayoensis Martín Salazar, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal1
php script by celloran, 04/03/10, last modified by cmilitante, 29/11/12