Family Antennariidae - Frogfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 13 | Species : 47 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   lower   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Most Recent Published numbers: 14 genera, 50 species (Arnold & Pietsch, 2012: Ref. XXX), of which one genus and 4 species to be described.
Classification: 2 subfamilies Antennariinae (5 gen., 30 spp.); Histiophrynnae (9 gen., 20 spp.).
Size: To 33 cm SL in Antennarius avalonis.
Distribution: All tropical and subtropical seas (but not in the Mediterranean), and some extending to temperate waters. Antennariinae: worldwide; Histiophrynnae: Indo-Australian Archipelago.
Description: Body short, spherical, and laterally compressed with lateral eyes; mouth large with 2-4 more or less irregular rows of small, villiform teeth on upper and lower jaws; tube-like gill opening under pectoral base, used for jet-propelling. Three dorsal spines on head, the anteriormost (illicium) free and modified as a lure, usually with a distinct fleshy bait (esca). Cutaneous filaments or appendages nearly always present; color and color pattern highly variable from white, yellow, red to dark brown and black. Several species appear to mimic sponges or sea-urchins.
Ecology: Juveniles and adults benthic in 0-300 m, with the single exception of Histrio, which pelagic in floating sargassum weed. Voracious carnivores feeding on fishes or crustaceans attracted by wriggling the bait. May resort to cannibalism, even if the other is a potential mate.
Biology: Usually females lay thousands of eggs embedded in a large bouyant gelatinous mass; several species bear eggs attached to their body, whereas Histrio histrio produces a raft of eggs that floats at the surface among seaweed. Antennariinae: double scroll-shaped ovaries, broadcast spawners, going through a distinct larval stage; Histiophryninae: entirely different type of ovary, undergoing direct developmen twith various degrees of parental care.
  Etymology
:
Latin, antenna, antemna = sail yard; In Aristotle´s means "horns"; 1698 ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
mixed
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Lophiiformes | Antennarioidei | Antennariidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Antennariidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Antennariinae
Antennarius pictus (Shaw, 1794)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius pictus Shaw, 1794
synonymseniororiginal2
Lophius chironectes Latreille, 1804
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius chironectes (Latreille, 1804)
synonymjuniornew
Chironectes verus Cloquet, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes leprosus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius leprosus (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius horridus Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lophiocharon horridus (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
Lophius histrio (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lophius variegatus (non Rafinesque, 1814)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius oligospilos (non Bleeker, 1857)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Lophius striatus Shaw, 1794
synonymseniororiginal2
Phrynelox striatus (Shaw, 1794)
synonymseniornew
! Antennarius straitus (Shaw, 1794)
synonymseniornew
Ostracion knorrii Wlbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes tricornis Cloquet, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lophius tricornis (Cloquet, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
Chironectes scaber Cuvier, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius scaber (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
Phrynelox scaber (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
Chironectes tridens Temminck & Schlegel, 1845
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius tridens (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
synonymjuniornew
Phrynelox tridens (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius tigris (Poey, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
Phrynelox tigris (Poey, 1852)
synonymjuniornew
Lophius spectrum Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius pinniceps Bleeker, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Antennarius lacepedii Bleeker, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius melas Bleeker, 1857
synonymjuniororiginal2
Phrynelox melas (Bleeker, 1857)
synonymjuniornew
Saccarius lineatus Günther, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Antennarius nuttingi Garman, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal
! Phrynelox nuttingi (Garman, 1896)
synonymjuniornew
Antennarius nox Jordan, 1902
synonymjuniororiginal2
Phrynelox nox (Jordan, 1902)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius cubensis Borodin, 1928
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Phrynelox cunninghami (Fowler, 1941)
synonymjuniornew
Phrynelox atra Schultz, 1957
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius atra (Schultz, 1957)
synonymjuniornew
Phrynelox zebrinus Schultz, 1957
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius zebrinus (Schultz, 1957)
synonymjuniornew
Triantennaus zebrinus (Schultz, 1957)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius glauerti Whitley, 1957
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius delaisi Cadenat, 1959
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Phrynelox lochites Schultz, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius histrio (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lophius histrio (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius commersoni (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius multiocellatus (non Valenciennes, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius tenebrosus (non Poey, 1852)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius campylacanthus (non Bleeker, 1863)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius commerson (Lacepède, 1798)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius commerson Lacepède, 1798
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius bivertex Commerson, 1798
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Lophie commerson Lacepède, 1798
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Lophius commerson Latreille, 1804
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Antennarius commerson (Latreille, 1804)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Antennarius commersoni (Latreille, 1804)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Antennarius commersonii (Latreille, 1804)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius rubrofuscus (Garrett, 1863)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lophiocharon goramensis (Bleeker, 1864)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius hispidus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius chironectes (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius commersoni (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius nummifer (non Cuvier, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Uniantennatus horridus (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius hispidus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius hispidus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Chironectes hispidus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
Antennarius sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius multiocellatus (Valenciennes, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Chironectes multiocellatus Valenciennes, 1837
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Antennarius pardalis (Valenciennes, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Chironectes pardalis Valenciennes, 1837
synonymseniororiginal2
! Antennarius pardal (Valenciennes, 1837)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Antennarius commersoni (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius multiocellatus (non Valenciennes, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Uniantennatus tenebrosus (non Poey, 1852)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius maculatus (Desjardins, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
! Antennarius oligospilus Bleeker, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal
Chironectes maculatus Desjardins, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Phymatophryne maculata (Desjardins, 1840)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius guentheri Bleeker, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Antennarius guntheri Bleeker, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal
Antennarius leprosus (non Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Antennarius indicus Schultz, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Antennarius hispidus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Histrio histrio (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius histrio Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius histrio (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Chironectes histrio (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pterophryne histrio (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Pterophrynoides histrio (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Pterophryne historio (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Lophius tumidus Osbeck, 1765
synonymotheroriginal2
Chironectes tumidus (Osbeck, 1765)
ambiguousothernew
Pterophryne tumida (Osbeck, 1765)
ambiguousothernew
! Lophius tumida Osbeck, 1765
ambiguousotheroriginal
Lophius histrio marmoratus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lophius laevis Latreille, 1804
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lophius raninus Tilesius, 1809
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius raninus (Tilesius, 1809)
synonymjuniornew
Cheironectes raninus (Tilesius, 1809)
synonymjuniornew
Histrio raninus (Tilesius, 1809)
synonymjuniornew
Pterophryne ranina (Tilesius, 1809)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes variegatus Rafinesque, 1814
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pterophryne variegatus (Rafinesque, 1814)
synonymjuniornew
Lophius gibbus Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius gibbus (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
Chironectes gibbus (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
Pterophryne gibba (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
Pterophrynoides gibbus (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
! Historio gibbus (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
! Lophius gibba Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal
! Peterophryne gibbo (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius laevigatus (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
Lophius laevigatus (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
Pterophryne laevigata (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
Pterophryne laevigatus (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Lophius calico Mitchill, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lophius geographicus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius nitidus Bennett, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes nesogallicus Valenciennes, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius nesogallicus (Valenciennes, 1837)
synonymjuniornew
! Antenarius mesogallicus (Valenciennes, 1837)
synonymjuniornew
Chironectes pictus Valenciennes, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
Histrio pictus (Valenciennes, 1837)
synonymjuniornew
Pterophryne picta (Valenciennes, 1837)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chironectes arcticus Düben & Koren, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes barbatulus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius barbatulus (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850)
synonymjuniornew
! Chironectes barbatulatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal
Antennarius lioderma Bleeker, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes sonntagii Müller, 1864
synonymseniororiginal2
! Chironectes sontagii Müller, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Histrio jagua Nichols, 1920
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lophius pelagicus Banks, 1962
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Histiophryne bigibba (non Commerson, 1798)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius hispidus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius biocellatus (non Cuvier, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Fowlerichthys ocellatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Lophius histrio ocellatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius ocellatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Fowlerichthys radiosus (Garman, 1896)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius sarasa Tanaka, 1916
synonymjuniororiginal2
Fowlerichthys sarasa (Tanaka, 1916)
synonymjuniornew
Antennarius ocellatus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius tridens (non Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Fowlerichthys avalonis (Jordan & Starks, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
Antennarius avalonis Jordan & Starks, 1907
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius commersonii (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius pardalis (non Valenciennes, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennatus nummifer (Cuvier, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius nummifer (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymseniornew
! Antennarius mummifer (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymseniornew
Chironectes chlorostygma Valenciennes, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius japonicus Schultz, 1964
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennatus tuberosus (Cuvier, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius tuberosus (Cuvier, 1817)
synonymseniornew
Antennarius bigibbus Commerson, 1798
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Lophius bigibbus Latreille, 1804
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Antennarius unicornis Bennett, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chironectes reticulatus Eydoux & Souleyet, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennatus coccineus (Lesson, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius coccineus (Lesson, 1831)
synonymseniornew
Antennarius drombus Jordan & Evermann, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius nexilis Snyder, 1904
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius leucus Fowler, 1934
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius moai Allen, 1970
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius immaculatus Le Danois, 1970
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius hispidus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius nummifer (non Cuvier, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennatus dorehensis (Bleeker, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Antenarius dnorehensis Bleeker, 1859
synonymseniororiginal
Antennarius altipinnis Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
Antennarius niveus Fowler, 1946
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius hispidus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius chironectes (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius commersoni (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius mummifer (non Cuvier, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennatus duescus (Snyder, 1904)
acceptedseniornew
Antennarius duescus Snyder, 1904
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennatus rosaceus (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Antennarius rosaceus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennatus analis (Schultz, 1957)
acceptedseniornew
Abantennarius analis Schultz, 1957
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius analis (Schultz, 1957)
synonymseniornew
Antennatus bermudensis (Schultz, 1957)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennatus flagellatus Ohnishi, Iwata & Hiramatsu, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Antennatus linearis Randall & Holcom, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Antennarius tuberosus (non Cuvier, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennatus tuberosus (non Cuvier, 1817)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Nudiantennarius subteres (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912)
acceptedseniornew
Antennarius subteres Smith & Radcliffe, 1912
synonymseniororiginal2
Histiophryninae
Histiophryne bougainvilli (Valenciennes, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Chironectes bougainvilli Valenciennes, 1837
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Histiophryne psychedelica Pietsch, Arnold & Hall, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Histiophryne maggiewalker Arnold & Pietsch, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Rhycherus filamentosus (Castelnau, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Chironectes filamentosus Castelnau, 1872
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhycherus wildii Ogilby, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
Rhycherus gloveri Pietsch, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal2
Tathicarpus butleri Ogilby, 1907
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Tathicarpus appeli Ogilby, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal2
Echinophryne crassispina McCulloch & Waite, 1918
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Echinophryne mitchelli (Morton, 1897)
synonymseniornew
Trichophryne mitchelli (Morton, 1897)
synonymseniornew
! Antennarius mitchelli Morton, 1897
synonymseniororiginal
Echinophryne reynoldsi Pietsch & Kuiter, 1984
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lophiocharon trisignatus (Richardson, 1844)
acceptedseniornew
Chironectes trisignatus Richardson, 1844
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius trisignatus (Richardson, 1844)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius asper Macleay, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Antennarius hispidus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Cheironectes caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lophiocharon caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Uniantennatus caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Antennarius candimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Antennarius caudomaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lophiocharon lithinostomus (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Antennarius lithinostomus Jordan & Richardson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal2
Antennarius chironectes (non Latreille, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Antennarius caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lophiocharon caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lophiocharon sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Antennarius caudimaculatus (non Rüppell, 1838)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Allenichthys glauerti (Whitley, 1944)
acceptedseniornew
Echinophryne glauerti Whitley, 1944
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Phyllophryne scortea (McCulloch & Waite, 1918)
acceptedseniornew
Histiophryne scortea McCulloch & Waite, 1918
synonymseniororiginal2
Histiophryne scortea inconstans McCulloch & Waite, 1918
synonymjuniororiginal1
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