Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); miniatus: From the Greek miniatus, meaning 'vermilion' (Ref. 27436).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 274 m (Ref. 27437), usually 183 - 274 m (Ref. 27437). Subtropical; 54°N - 27°N, 134°W - 114°W
Eastern Pacific: Queen Charlotte Island, British Columbia, Canada to central Baja California, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 37.0, range 37 - 46 cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27436); max. published weight: 6.8 kg (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 60 years (Ref. 56049)
soft rays: 7. Head spines moderate to weak - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic and parietal spines present, nuchals usually absent, coronals absent (Ref. 27437). Lower jaw rough and scaly; caudal peduncle deep (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin slightly indented (Ref. 6885). Dark red in color, sides mottled with gray; mouth and fins red, fins usually edged with black; 3 obscure stripes radiating from each eye (Ref. 27437).
Adults inhabit shallow to deep rocky reefs, less common on deep ones (Ref. 2850). Young inhabit shallow water (Ref. 2850). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Sold as fillets together with other rockfish (Ref. 27436).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.4 - 9.9, mean 6.9 (based on 16 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=6; tmax =60).
Prior r = 0.24, 2 SD range = 0.08 - 0.73, log(r) = -1.43, SD log(r) = 0.55, Based on: 5 tgen, 1 tmax, 3 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .