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Anarhichas denticulatus  Krøyer, 1845

Northern wolffish
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Image of Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)
Anarhichas denticulatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 60 - 1700 m (Ref. 58426), usually 100 - 900 m.   Polar; 81°N - 43°N, 123°W - 61°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Atlantic: Spitsbergen, Novaya Zemlya, Barents and Norwegian seas, the Shetlands, the Faeroes, Iceland and south-eastern coasts of Greenland; also known occasionally in northern North Sea and Skaggerak and south to Bay of Biscay. Western Atlantic: Arctic, from Prince Patrick Island to Sable Island off Nova Scotia and Grand Banks in Canada (Ref. 7251).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); max. published weight: 20.0 kg (Ref. 7251)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Coloration bluish-black with indistinct spots on the sides. Flesh soft and watery (Ref. 35388).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits offshore waters in midwater; adults also near bottom from 60-970 m, mainly 100-900 m (Ref. 4694). Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on sea gooseberries, medusas, small fishes, also echinoderms, crustaceans and mollusks (not so hard-shelled) (Ref. 4694). Spawns at great depths (Ref. 44162).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Barsukov, V.V., 1986. Anarhichadidae. p. 1113-1116. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4694)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.6 - 7.2, mean 3.4 (based on 687 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00284 - 0.01340), b=3.20 (3.00 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.67 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.08-0.10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .