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Apodichthys flavidus  Girard, 1854

Penpoint gunnel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Apodichthys flavidus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Apodichthys flavidus (Penpoint gunnel)
Apodichthys flavidus
Picture by Nichols, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pholidae (Gunnels)
Etymology: Apodichthys: Greek, apodos = without feet + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 96339).   Temperate; 59°N - 33°N, 155°W - 118°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Kodiak Island, Alaska to Santa Barbara Island, southern California, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 40 - 44; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 38 - 42. Caudal rounded, somewhat elevated dorsally; pectorals small and rounded (Ref. 6885). Color variable- from green through brown to red; dark dots spaced in a broken line along midside of body, sometimes also light spots; narrow dark line down and back from eye to operculum, sometimes through eye; some fresh specimens with a silvery line margined with orange and black from middle of maxillary through lower part of eye to nape and opercle (Ref. 6885).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in intertidal areas, especially in tide pools (Ref. 2850). May remain out of the water under rocks or seaweeds (Ref. 31184). Feeds on small crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 6885). Pairs are found coiled around egg masses (Ref. 4925). Breathes air when out of water (Ref. 31184).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 101786). Adhesive eggs attached to a nest substrate are brooded by both parents (Ref. 101786).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Speed
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.8 - 12.8, mean 10 (based on 180 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00178 (0.00070 - 0.00453), b=3.15 (2.93 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .