Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 29 - 126 m (Ref. 40824), usually 54 - 125 m (Ref. 7251). Tropical
Western Atlantic: North Carolina and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Brazil; absent from Bahamas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4;
Vertebrae: 18 - 20. Exceptionally angular, craggy body contours and large, prominent bucklers. Very small width of mouth relative to head depth 2-2.8; Narrow interorbital width to head depth 3.6-6.6. Rostrum length to disk margin length 3.2-5.1. Distal ends of pectorals with fleshy ventral pads. Vertebrae usually 19. Lateral line scale count: subopercular usually 5 or 6 (4-8); cheek usually 8 (7-9). Lateral line scale count usually 17 (Ref. 40824).
Inhabits offshore water, usually from 54-125 m depth.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bradbury, M.G., 1980. A revision of the fish genus Ogcocephalus with descriptions of new species from the western Atlantic Ocean (Ogcocephalidae: Lophiiformes). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 42(7):229-285. (Ref. 40824)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.9 - 26.7, mean 23.1 (based on 153 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00749 - 0.05313), b=2.95 (2.72 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .