Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Ictaluridae
(North American freshwater catfishes)
Etymology: Noturus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, oura = tail; refred to the position of the tail over the back (Ref. 45335); eleutherus: eleutherus meaning free, referring to the incomplete fusion of the posterior portion of the adipose fin to the body (Ref. 10294). More on author: Jordan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 42°N - 33°N
North America: Ohio River basin from northwestern Pennsylvania to eastern Illinois, and south to Tennessee and northern Georgia in the USA; White and St. Francis River drainages in Missouri and Arkansas, USA; Mississippi River in western Tennessee, USA; Ouachita River and Red River drainages in the USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits clean rocky riffles, shoals and runs of small to large rivers. Often found near vegetation (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on larvae of aquatic insects, dominated by mayflies (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00253 - 0.01308), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .