Luxilus chrysocephalus  Rafinesque, 1820

Striped shiner
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Luxilus chrysocephalus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Luxilus chrysocephalus (Striped shiner)
Luxilus chrysocephalus
Picture by Cornwall, J.D.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Luxilus: Latin, luxilus, derived from Lux = light, refered to a small silvery fish (Ref. 45335);  chrysocephalus: From the words chrysocephalus, meaning golden head, and isolepis, equal scales (referring to the more regular scale pattern) (Ref. 10294).   More on author: Rafinesque.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical; 46°N - 31°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from western New York and Wisconsin, south to Alabama, Louisiana and eastern Texas, USA; Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama, to Sabine River in Louisiana, USA. Introduced to Escambia River system in Florida and Alabama.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 6.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky pools near riffles in clear to fairly turbid creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798). Feeds on terrestrial insects, filamentous and unicellular algae, and a variety of aquatic invertebrate often dominated by mayfly nymphs (Ref. 10294). Oviparous (Ref. 205), nest spawners (Ref. 52559).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; tmax=4).
Prior r = 1.21, 2 SD range = 0.75 - 1.96, log(r) = 0.19, SD log(r) = 0.24, Based on: 1 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .