Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Kumba: Named for the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, whose research vessel Sarsia dredged the type species.; punctulata: From the Latin 'punctulatus' meaning dotted, referring to the dense covering of melanophores on the head.. More on author: Iwamoto.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 530 - 1000 m (Ref. 11651). Deep-water
Western Pacific: Coral Sea off New Caledonia and off northeastern New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11651)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. Firm, non-inflated head, its sensory canals with enlarged pores. Dorsally scaleless snout extend onto forehead as 2 projections lateral to median rostral ridge. Orbit diameter 37-43% of head length; snout about 1/2-3/4 orbit, about 1.1-1.3 into broad interorbital width; upper jaw 40-41% HL; barbel 16-19% HL. Well-developed light organ. 1D II,9-11 (Ref. 11651).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and Y.I. Sazonov, 1994. Revision of the genus Kumba (Pisces, Gadiformes, Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 48(11):221-237. (Ref. 11651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.8 - 8.1, mean 6.8 (based on 46 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00097 - 0.00495), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .