Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tilapia: Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 14°N - 8°N
Africa: middle and lower courses of coastal rivers from Guinea-Bissau (Geba and Corubal Rivers) to Liberia (Cess River)(Ref. 53405). Possibly also present in Côte d'Ivoire (Ref. 272).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7378)
Pair-bonding, open substratum spawner, with both parents guarding the brood; seems to breed throughout the year; development time of larvae, from deposition of eggs to free swimming stage, takes about 13 to 14 days (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1991. Tilapia. p. 482-508. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5163)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00682 - 0.03686), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.69).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .