Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae
Etymology: Syacium: Greek, yagke, -es = cheek; diminutive (Cfr. Aaptosyax).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 37 - 73 m (Ref. 10878). Tropical
Eastern Atlantic: off Mauritania and Western Sahara to Walvis Bay, Namibia (Ref. 4417, 11228).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89108)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 62 - 73;
Vertebrae: 34 - 36. 11-12 pectoral fin rays on ocular side, 10 on blind side. Preserved specimens uniformly brownish on ocular side, yellowish-white on blind side; fins paler than body (dorsal and anal fins with regular series of dark blotches); pectoral fin on ocular side with dark bars; caudal fin with scattered indistinct dark blotches (Ref. 10878). Exhibits sexual dimorphism, mature males with greater interorbital width compared to females and the upper one or two pectoral fin rays on the ocular side are extended and filamentous (Ref. 10878).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Murakami, T. and K. Amaoka, 1992. Review of the genus Syacium (Paralichthyidae) with the description of a new species from Ecuador and Columbia. Bull. Fac. Fish. Hokkaido Univ. 43(2):61-95. (Ref. 10878)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.3 - 20.9, mean 19.3 (based on 19 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00360 - 0.01331), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .