Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae
(Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Paraplagusia: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, plagos, plagios = oblique; sinerama: sinerama from the Latin 'sine' meaning without and 'ramus' meaning branch, in reference to the unbranched labial papillae on the eyed side.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 11691). Tropical
Western Pacific: northern Australia (including Joseph Bonaparte Gulf, Western Australia) and southern coast of Papua New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11691)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 87 - 91. Eyed-side body and head tan, dark pigmentation on posterior edge of scales (no paler ocelli or dark speckles) more prominent near margins of body, membrane between rays of dorsal and anal fins dark brown on both sides of body, labial papillae unbranched, scales ctenoid on both sides of body, and caudal vertebrae 44-46.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chapleau, F. and C.B. Renaud, 1993. Paraplagusia sinerama (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae), a new Indo-Pacific tongue sole with a revised key to species of the genus. Copeia 1993(3):798-807. (Ref. 11691)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 28.8, mean 27.8 (based on 508 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00585 - 0.03109), b=2.95 (2.75 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .