Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae
(Pricklebacks) > Opisthocentrinae
Etymology: Pholidapus: Greek, pholis, -idos = scale + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 146 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk to Hokkaido, the Kuril Islands, and the northern Sea of Japan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - 20 cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in seaweed beds near shore (Ref. 43239).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.8 - 10.3, mean 3.7 (based on 117 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .