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Lutjanus peru  (Nichols & Murphy, 1922)

Pacific red snapper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Lutjanus peru   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lutjanus peru (Pacific red snapper)
Lutjanus peru
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 40 m (Ref. 9313).   Tropical; 28°N - 17°S, 115°W - 74°W (Ref. 55)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 22.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 95.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9313); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); max. published weight: 5.8 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. Preorbital bone very broad in adults. Large specimens develop a groove from front of eye to nostrils, and on upper part of preopercle behind the eye. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Color mainly red to pink with a silvery hue; the fins reddish.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found over hard bottoms in inshore reef areas up to a depth of at least 80 m (Ref. 9313). Carnivorous, feed on big invertebrates and fish (Ref. 9313). They are marketed fresh or frozen because of excellent quality of flesh (Ref. 9313).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22 - 28.6, mean 26.2 (based on 34 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.26).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.