Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Oneirodes: Greek, 'oneiros' = a dream or dreamlike or out of a dream (suggesting this fish is so strange and marvelous that can exist only in dreams) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 10977), usually ? - 1000 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water; 18°S - 45°S, 0°E - 180°E (Ref. 86949)
Circumglobal, southern latitudes of SE Atlantic, Indian and Western Pacific ocean; northernmost record off Port Hedland, Western Australia , at about 18°S; southernmost record on the Pacific side of the South I. of New Zealand, about 45°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58502); common length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10977); common length :7.5 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Characterized by having escal morphology: pair of highly branched medial escal appendages, in combination with an elongate cylindrical lateral escal appendage on each side; well-developed lateral escal appendage; esca with a pair of stout, medial appendages; more globose form, having a deeper and longer head and a longer lower jaw than O.anisacanthus; short subopercle, dorsal end rounded or tapering to a point, without indentation on posterodorsal margin; length of ventral fork of opercle 28.6-31.9% SL; ratio of lengths of dorsal and ventral forks of opercle 0.47-0.53; absence of epibranchial teeth; presence of teeth on pharyngobranchial II; upper jaw teeth 16-55; lower jaw teeth 24-50; teeth on vomer 4-8; dorsal fin rays 5-6; anal fin rays 4; pectoral fin rays 16-18; head length 38.6-64.3% SL; head depth 43.9-50.5% SL; length of premaxilla 30.7-35.5% SL; length of lower jaw 45.5-52.3% SL; illicial length 22.3-27.3% SL (Ref. 86949).
Mesopelagic species (Ref. 7300, 75154). Most specimens taken in depths less than 1000 m with bottom trawls (Ref. 86949). Maximum depth reported in Ref. 10977. No male specimens are known.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pietsch, T.W., 1986. Oneirodidae. p. 375. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smith's sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 10977)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.2 - 12.9, mean 7.9 (based on 145 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .