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Pellona ditchela  Valenciennes, 1847

Indian pellona
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pellona ditchela   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pellona ditchela (Indian pellona)
Pellona ditchela
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Pellona: Derived from Latin, pellis = skin (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 10 - 55 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical; 25°N - 30°S, 43°E - 155°E (Ref. 54703)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, and from Durban, South Africa to the Gulf of Oman and the coasts of India. From the Andaman Sea to Indonesia and the Philippines, southeast to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), northern and western Australia and Papua New Guinea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 13.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 34 - 42. Belly with usually 18 or 19 + 8 or 9, total 26 to 28 scutes, strongly keeled. Eye large, lower jaw projecting; and upper jaw with a toothed hypo-maxillary bone between hind tip of pre-maxilla and lower bulge of maxilla blade. Dorsal fin origin near midpoint of body. Scales with upper and lower vertical striae slightly overlapping each other at center of scales.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal areas, entering mangrove areas and estuaries, and freshwater as well (e.g. in the Pangani River, Tanzania), thus apparently fully euryhaline. Marketed fresh and may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284). Regarded as an excellent bait in the tuna fishery.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.4 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 884 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00447 - 0.01122), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.28-0.74).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.