Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical
Indo-West Pacific: India to China and off Cambodia (Ref. 9912). Photo records from Komodo, Indonesia (Seret, pers.comm. 01/15). Conservation status maybe of concern in Northwest Pacific because of its inshore benthic habitat, low abudance, and the presence of intensive demersal fisheries (Ref. 47737).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9912)
Preorbital length about equal to preoral length (and much greater than prenasal length), and dark brown spots that are usually greater than eye diameter over a brown background (Ref. 49866).
Found in continental waters, both inshore and offshore (Ref. 9912). Biology little known (Ref. 9912).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Carvalho, M.R. and J.E. Randall, 2003. Numbfishes from the Arabian Sea and surrounding gulfs, with the description of a new species from Oman (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Narcinidae). Ichthyol. Res. 50(1):59-66. (Ref. 49866)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.8 - 28.6, mean 27.1 (based on 1300 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00386 - 0.02839), b=2.87 (2.64 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .