Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical; 21°S - 40°S, 62°W - 40°W
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 107 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54989)
Collected from a depth of 142 m (Ref. 9924).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Miranda-Ribeiro, A., 1915. Fauna Brasiliense. Pièxes Arg. Mus. Nat. Rio de J. 17, var. pag. (Ref. 9924)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.9 - 23.4, mean 14.7 (based on 94 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00571 - 0.00877), b=3.14 (3.07 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=5-8).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .