Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Stellifer: Latin, stella = satr + latin, fero = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 20 m (Ref. 89891). Subtropical; 38°N - 26°N, 98°W - 76°W
Western Atlantic: Virginia to Texas in USA, except for southern Florida.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3702)
Occurs usually over hard sandy mud bottoms in coastal waters to about 20 m depth. Also common in river estuaries. Feeds mainly on small crustaceans. Not marketed for human consumption.
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23 - 26.1, mean 23.9 (based on 137 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00254 - 0.01136), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .