Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 0 - 550 m (Ref. 11333). Tropical; 10°N - 6°S
Eastern and Western Atlantic: one record at 4°N 21°W; between 52°W-27°W from 20°N to 6°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11333); 12.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 38;
Vertebrae: 68. Two terminal bulbs separated by a short interspace, 0.4-1.6 times the length of distal bulb. Barbel length short 37-44% SL in specimens over 8 cm SL. Three to 9 short, usually bulblet-tipped filaments and 2 long ones, arising together from distal end of distal bulb or from a short stem. Longest filament becoming 23-35% SL in specimens larger than 8 cm; 1 long filament with a prominent large bulblet. Distal bulb 1.2-2.5 times length of proximal-bulb. Axis of stem well pigmented; between bulbs variably pigmented, sometimes forming a dark spot or small cap at proximal end of distal bulb. External chevron-shaped or roundish striated areas usually unpigmented. Middorsal paired spots between occiput and dorsal-fin origin 8 (Ref. 11333).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. and M.A. Barnett, 1990. Melanostomiidae. p. 308-337. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4468)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.4 - 26.2, mean 20.3 (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .