Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614); 11°S - 27°S
Africa: Zambezi river and the Incomati system. Present in the warm sections of the Middle Zambezi, Pungwe, Buzi, Sabi and Lundi rivers but absent from the cooler sections. Also from the rivers of Tanzania, the Luapula-Moero region of the Congo basin and Malagarasi River in Lake Tanganyika.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 4.3 kg (Ref. 7248)
Occurs in strong-flowing rocky stretches of larger perennial rivers. Grazes algae and `aufwuchs' from rocks and firm surfaces including the backs of hippos, leaving characteristic tracks. Migrate upstream in swollen rivers to breed (Ref. 7248). Can occur as either sail-fin or normal varieties (Ref. 4967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p. (Ref. 1440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00506 - 0.02166), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .