Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Alestidae
Etymology: Alestes: Greek, alestes, -oy = miller (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Africa: coastal rivers of Tanzania (Kingani, Wami, Ruvu, Rufiji, Kilombero) (Ref. 42019).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4967)
soft rays: 22 - 27;
Vertebrae: 42 - 44. Alestes stuhlmannii is fusiform with a terminal mouth and a snout that becomes more blunt in larger individuals (Ref. 79648). The dorsal fin is in the middle of the back, and the adipose fin is closer to the caudal than to the dorsal fin (Ref. 79648). The anal fin base is much longer than the dorsal fin base (Ref. 79648). The body is covered with large cycloid scales which extend onto the bases of the anal and caudal fins; there are no scales on the head and none on the supraoccipital crest (Ref. 79648). In preserved specimens, the flanks are usually darker dorsally than ventrally; a thin, dark line runs along the flank from the posterior edge of the opercle to the base of the caudal fin rays; it does not follow the lateral line and is not confined to a single scale row (Ref. 79648).
Inhabits lakes and rivers (Ref. 4967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paugy, D., 1984. Characidae. p. 140-183. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 5331)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .