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Petrocephalus squalostoma  (Boulenger, 1915)

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Petrocephalus squalostoma
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: upper Congo River basin; Lukinda River (Lake Mweru tributary) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 3203, 42540, 91771, 91772), and the Luapula River system as far as the Chambeshi River in Zambia (Ref. 91772).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91772)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-22; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 27 - 32. Diagnosis: Petrocephalus squalostoma is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species of the Congo province by the following combination of characteristics: body coloration pattern without intense melanin mark, sometimes a faded subdorsal roundish mark present; short dorsal fin with 15-22 branched rays and 27-32 branched rays in the anal fin; more than 13 scale rows between the anterior base of the anal fin and the lateral line; and three distinct electroreceptive rosettes in the head (Ref. 91772). Body depth 32.9-33.5% of standard length; length of snout to posterior orbital rim of eye 40.9-44.1% of head length; predorsal length 66.7-67.3% of standard length; length of dorsal fin 16.0-17.4% of standard length; preanal length 59.8-60.3% of standard length; distance anterior base of pectoral fin to anterior base of pelvic fin 19.8-20.8% of standard length; caudal peduncle depth 34.6-38.8 of its length (Ref. 91771).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00727 - 0.03790), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.