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Larvae Information Summary for  Mugil curema
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Main Ref: Scotton, L.N., R.E. Smith, N.S. Smith, K.S. Price and D.P. de Sylva 1973
Yolk-sac larvae
  max min mod Ref.
Length at birth (mm)     1.7 40920
Preanal L. % TL        
Place of development planktonic
Larval area Delaware Bay (USA)
Yolk-sac elongated     Ref:  
Yolk   Oil globules  
Rows on tail dorsal + ventral row
Other melanophores on tail no other melanophores
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on trunk
Ventral and dorsal rows of pigments spots; vent just over halfway back from snout; yolk-sac absorbed at about 2.5-3.5 mm (Ref. 40920).
Post larvae
Striking feature  
Striking shape lateral   dorsal  
Striking feature  
Shape of gut  
Gas bladder   early   late  
Spinal armature   early   late  
Pigmentation early
Rows on tail dorsal row
Other melanophores on tail no other melanophores
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on trunk
Rows on tail dorsal row
Melanophores on head + trunk melanophores on trunk
Pectorals normal  
Pelvics normal (i.e. small or absent)  
At 4.7 mm TL, dorsal pigment rows present; caudal fin elements present. At 5.3 mm TL, spines of 1st dorsal fin and soft rays od 2nd dorsal fin evident. At 5.3 mm TL, anal rays complete. At 7.0 mm SL, pigmentation becomes somewhat dense. At about 14.5 mm, 2 anal spines present (3rd spine develops from 1st ray at about 30-40 mm, considered end of larval period). Specimens appear almost black.
  L 1st feeding Ref. Months of presence of larvae    Ref. 
max 3.5 40920 Jan Feb Mar Apr
min 2.5 40920 May Jun Jul Aug
mod     Sep Oct Nov Dec
Water parameters     Metric characters
Entered by: Luna,Susan M. - 03.12.01
Modified by: Luna,Susan M. - 14.12.01
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